Trees are an integral part of our environment. Both man and the animals cannot survive without trees.
We get food, medicine, wood and shelter from trees. Trees beautify the environment. We get the most needed rain because of the trees. Trees have a great influence upon climate. Trees preserve moisture. The leaves of a tree are always giving off moisture and this constant evaporation cools the surrounding atmosphere. Trees on hill sides stop the soil erosion and prevent destructive earth slips. The soil becomes fertile because of the trees.
We know that plants existed on earth before human beings. This fact proves that trees do not need man for their existence. But man cannot exist without trees.
Trees produce oxygen which is essential for life. Trees purify the air by taking in carbon dioxide and giving out oxygen. Some people have not realized the value of trees. They cut down trees for their needs. Sometimes we need to cut down trees. But we should plant another tree in that place. If we cut down trees in this manner, our country will become a desert before long.
The government has set up a separate department called “Forest conservation department” in order to protect our jungle resources. The department alone cannot stop the felling of trees. Everybody should extend his or her co – operation towards the department in this connection.
The extent of forest cover in Sri Lanka has been reduced drastically during the past two decades. This situation has been arisen due to several reasons. Vast stretches of jungles are cleared for development projects. Some forest reserves have become barren lands due to illegal felling of trees. As result of this almost all the water fountains have been dried up.
Re – a forestation programmers are implemented by the forest conservation department annually with the assistance of several non – governmental organizations various kinds of valuable plants are distributed free of charge. Seminars and...