The criminological theory or theories, that best describe my opinion on crime are, Classical and Neoclassical; including the rational choice and activities theories, and Hedonistic calculus, and the theorist concerning them. Although, I believe in some of the aspects of the other criminological theories, these support my opinion on crime in the best way. I also believe that a person can change for the better if they were raised around criminal environments.
Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794), is referred to today as the founder of the Classical School of criminology. Classical School is an eighteenth-century approach to crime causation and criminal responsibility that grew out of the Enlightenment and that emphasized the role of free will and reasonable punishments. Also with the belief that punishments should outweigh the crime, and I believe that depending on the crime, the punishment should be appointed to where the person would not want to risk committing the crime. I also believe that pain and pleasure are two central determinants of human behavior. Human beings are fundamentally rational, and most human behavior is the result of free will and rational choice.
Neoclassical criminology emphasizes deterrence and retribution and that holds that human beings are free to make choices in favor of crime and deviance or follow the law. I believe that we are free to make the choice of committing a crime and that we know the consequence despite our actions. Punishment for the crimes committed is important to set examples for others and the person who is being charged. Our society that we live in can contribute to crime in a way that if a person grew up in a place where poverty was common, the person may want more for themselves and their family. Believing that the punishment for the crime would not outweigh the benefits, the person will rationally commit the crime. This is where rational choice theory comes into play and if our...
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