• Thales : the origin of all matter is water
= Thales believed that the Earth floats on water and all things come to be from water.
= that the earth rests on water (He explained his theory by said that the earth is at rest because it is of the nature of wood and similar substances which have the capacity to float on water, although not on air).
= the water is forever
Heraclitus : everything changing
Dao (Daoism) : can be swirling within itself. Such motion is all around in nature. (the movement of water, clouds and wind)
Human knowledge : (education) :
*. Socrates ( education) : never wrote a word of his knowledge. Plato was the one who basically put Socrates' dialogue into words. Socrates' educational teachings were brought through by a form called dialogue. Through this Socrates gave knowledge without really teaching it. Socrates never considered himself a teacher, and when he shared the information he knew, he never thought he was teaching the information. Socrates knew his limitations, and this was explained by him that an educated person is described to know his limitations. He in his own right believed he was highly educated. His definition of a form education is dialogue, a back and forth linguistic motion between speakers, to uncover the truth. Socrates therefore believes that he can teach merely by asking the right questions. Human knowledge of these truths is based on experience.
Plato and Socrates ,They can explain that individuals were naturally born with all knowledge—because they recollect what they already know.
* Confucius : hear much, select what is good, and follow it.
= we can learn from books, objects, or people, followed by reflection.
= that society starts with the individual, and that one must first develop oneself, to develop one's family. The family serves as a model for the community, the community as a model for the state, the state as a model for the country, and the country as a model for other countries. The educational process is first and most importantly the responsibility of the individual, then the family, then the community, then the state, and then the country.
= he teach anyone come to him.
= education, not law or punishment, is essential to the development of people's virtues and moral lives.
• Justice : Justice has many different concepts such as moral virtue and equality of treatment.
* Confucius : A just society has the following features. (1) Sufficiency for all – there is state provision to ensure that each citizen enjoys a level of material goods sufficient to live a good life. First priority would be given to the poor and needy. (2) Universal education – there is publicly sponsored education for all.
* Plato : (educate everyone equally- their ability will determine their place within society)
He felt this because if the laws were suitable they were only there to help everyone reach true happiness.
Plato :discussed justice as when everyone is doing something and no one is getting hurt than justice is being served
Socrates : In a just society, the rulers, the military, the working-class persons, all do what they ought to do.
He said that a community's people would follow leaders because the leader's law would be justice .
As soon as you hear the word philosophy, three names come to mind. The most important philosophers were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
= (When justice judge you, she does not care who you are, she care about what the law says. Everyone is equal before the law . we do not do bad things, because we respect the government and we respect the law. People don’t break the laws because they respect them and make them. They like the laws look after weaker people, poor people and uneducated people. People who are weaker in some ways is society. Democracy has to look after poor...