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|Part of a series on | |Wildlife of India | |[pic] | |Biodiversity[show] | |Flora and Fauna | |Molluscs · Ants · Odonates | |Butterflies · Moths · Spiders | |Fish · Amphibians · Reptiles · Birds | |Mammals · Endangered species | |Protected areas[show] | |Protected areas (List) | |National parks | |Biosphere reserves | |Wildlife sanctuaries | |Ramsar wetland sites | |Conservation areas | |Private protected areas | |Reserved/protected forests | |Conservation/community reserves | |Communal forests | |Marine and littoral protected areas | |Related topics[show] | |Natural history · Ecoregions | |Forestry · Tourism | |Botanical and Zoological gardens | |Environmental issues | |Organizations[show] | |National | |Ministry · Service · Survey | |Wildlife Institute · Forest Institute | |Zoo Authority · Zoo Outreach | |International | |CITES · IUCN · SAZARC | |WAZA · WSPA · WWF | |Conservation[show] | |Projects | |Tiger · Elephant | |Associated acts | |Indian Forest Act, 1927 | |Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 | |Wildlife Protection Act, 2003 | |v · d · e |
The most endangered Indian top predator of 2010, the dhole is on edge of extinction. Less than 2500 members of the species remain in the world. The wildlife of India is a mix of species of diverse origins. The region's rich and diverse wildlife is preserved in numerous national parks and wildlife sanctuaries across the country. Since India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal species, wildlife management in the country is essential to preserve these species. According to one study, India along with 17 mega diverse countries is home to about 60-70% of the world's biodiversity. India, lying within the Indomalaya ecozone, is home to about 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of avian, 6.2% of reptilian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species. Many ecoregions, such as the shola forests, also exhibit extremely high rates of endemism; overall, 33% of Indian plant species are endemic. India's forest cover ranges from the tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and Northeast India to the coniferous forest of the Himalaya. Between these extremes lie the sal-dominated...