Milestones in Computer History from year 1980 – 2013
Computers have wedged themselves into every facet of our lives and they are what we would use as the symbolic representation of the modern world.
Indeed, the history and evolution of computers is quite extraordinary and with many early computing technology innovations tied to defense contracts, much of this information were kept secret from the public for decades. In this article, we explore the development and progression of computers.
Alan Shugart presents the Winchester hard drive, revolutionizing storage for personal computers.
IBM offers Microsoft Corporation co-founder, Bill Gates, the opportunity to develop the operating system for the soon-to-be announces IBM personal computer. With the development of MS-DOS, Microsoft achieves tremendous growth and success.
The IBM PC is introduced, signaling IBM’s entrance into the personal computer marketplace. The IBM PC quickly garners the largest share of the personal computer of choice in business.
3,275,000 personal computers are sold, almost 3,000,000 more than in 1981.
Hayes introduces the 300 bps smart modern. The modem is an immediate success. Compaq, Inc. is founded to develop and market IBM-compatible PCs.
Lotus Development Corporation is founded. Its spreadsheet software, Lotus 1-2-3, which combines spreadsheets, graphics, and database programs in one package, becomes the best selling program for IBM personal computers.
Instead of choosing a person for its annual award, TIME magazine names the computer Machine of the Year for 1982, acknowledging the impact of computers on society.
IBM introduces a personal computer, called the PC AT, that uses the Intel 80286 microprocessor.
Hewlett-Packard announces the first LaserJet printer for the personal computers.
Apple introduces the Macintosh computer, which incorporates a unique, easy-to-learn, graphical user interface.
Several personal computers utilizing the powerful Intel 803386 microprocessor are introduced. These machines perform processing that once only large systems could handle.
Microsoft surpasses Lotus Development Corporation to become the world’s top software vender.
While working at CERN, Switzerland, Tim Berners Lee invents an Internet based hypermedia enterprise for information sharing. Berners-Lee will call this innovation the World Wide Web.
The Intel 486 becomes the world’s first 1,000,000 transistor microprocessor. It crams 1.2 million transistors on a .4”x .6” sliver of silicon and executes 15,000,000 instructions per second – four times as fast as its predecessor, the 803386 chip.
World Wide Web Consortium releases standards that describe a framework for linking documents on different computers.
Microsoft releases Windows 3.1, the latest version of its Windows operating system. Windows 3.1 offers improvements such as TrueType fonts, multimedia capability, and object linking and embedding (OLE). In two months, 3,000,000 copies of Windows 3.1 are sold.
Several companies introduce computer systems using the Pentium( microprocessor from Intel. The Pentium( chip is the successor to the Intel 486 processor. It contains 3.1 million transistors and is capable of performing 112,000,000 instructions per second.
The White house launches its Web page. The site includes an interactive citizens’ handbook and White House history and tours.
Marc Andreessen creates a graphical Web browser called Mosaic. This success leads to the organizations of Netscape Communications Corporation.
Jim Clark and Marc Andreessen found Netscape and launch Netscape Navigator 1.0, a browser for the World Wide Web.
Linus Torvalds creates the Linux kernal, a UNIX like operating system that he releases free across the Internet for further enhancement by other programmers.
Microsoft releases Windows 95, a major upgrade to...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document