Mutiny is a sign of deeper political tension in a country. In the Philippines, three famous military mutiny have occurred since year 2003; the Oakwood Mutiny, the Marines stand-off and the Manila Peninsula siege. The Oakwood mutiny occurred in the Philippines on July 27, 2003. More than 300 junior officers and enlisted men who called themselves "Bagong Katipuneros" led by Navy Ltsg. Antonio Trillanes IV, Army Capt. Gerardo Gambala, Army Capt. Milo Maestrecampo, Navy Ltsg. James Layug and Marine Capt. Gary Alejano. They took over the Oakwood Premier in the Ayala Center, Makati City to air grievances against the Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo administration and alleged graft and corruption in the military and government. They also affirmed that they saw signs suggesting that the President was going to declare martial law.
The bloodless mutiny ended unsuccessfully within 18 hours when the soldiers failed to gain support from the public or the armed forces. All soldiers participating in the mutiny surrendered peacefully and were charged in a general court martial. A little over a year later (September 24, 2004), its leaders apologized to the President for the failed military rebellion and took back their accusations against top AFP officials. Arroyo accepted the apology, but ruled out immediate pardon and said their trial would proceed. A number of the mutineers have been released since their detention in 2003. More than 180 soldiers were freed in May 2005.
Another mutiny took place in front of the headquarters of the elite unit in Fort Bonifacio in Taguig City, Philippines on February 26, 2006. Hundreds of Marine troopers led by Col. Ariel Querubin barricaded themselves to protest the relief of their popular commandant, Maj. Gen. Renato Miranda and seeking the protection of the people from aggression. Police arrested Anakpawis sectoral Rep. Crispin Beltran and two retired police generals, Ramon Montaño and...