The Rise and Fall of Benito Mussolini
"Fascism, the more it considers and observes the future and development of humanity quite apart from political considerations of the moment, believes neither in the possibility nor the utility of perpetual peace” (Modern History Sourcebook: Benito Mussolini: What is Fascism, 1932). Italy, the recently unified country of the 1920s, was in a very difficult period of time after the peak of the First World War. Only one leader managed to emerge from this period establishing himself as "Il Duce" and making Italy a personal empire. This man was Benito Mussolini. Benito was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party and is recognized with being one of the key figures in the creation of Fascism. Mussolini was one of the founders of Italian fascism, which included: nationalism, corporatism, expansionism, and anti-communism. Mussolini believed in private property with strong government control. He also wanted to use expansion to restore Roman Empire. He became the Prime Minister of Italy in 1922 and began using the title “Il Duce” by 1925. Inspired by the military skill and black uniforms of the Arditi, Italy's elite storm troops of World War One, the Fascist Black Shirts were organized by Benito Mussolini as the military tool of his political movement. On October 28, 1922, Mussolini's Black Shirts marched on Rome, and the Fascist party took control of the Italian parliament and established a Syndicalism state (type of economic system anticipated as a replacement for capitalism and an alternative to state socialism). The rise of Mussolini began in World War One with the involvement of Italy on behalf of the Allies. There was dispute over whether or not involvement was necessary or beneficial, and the Socialist Party opposed the addition of Italian Arms to the forces of the Allies. Benito Mussolini, a well- known Socialist journalist, originally agreed with his party in regards to the war, but several months after the...
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