February 3, 2013
In different parts of the world, everyone has different beliefs he or she practices in
their everyday lives. Depending on whether or not you are a man or women, each and every
person has different gender roles each person practices during their everyday lives. In Muslim
societies, men and women are expected to behave in line with social, cultural or religious codes.
(Sexuality, Gender and Islam, 2007) These are created to distinguish between what is considered
to be ‘masculine’ or ‘feminine’. These gender roles are learned within a particular social and
cultural understanding and are affected by education and economics. In practice gender roles
often affect women adversely impeding their self-determination in areas like their socio-
economic status, status within the family, health, life expectation, independence, freedom and
rights. Although the Qur'an views women and men to be equal in human dignity, this
spiritual or ethical equality has not been reflected in most of the Muslim laws, women as well as men are
expected to have certain duties and each gender are responsible for carrying out different roles.
In the Muslim religion, women have certain standards they are responsible to withhold and be reliable for. For example, women do not have equal rights to make independent decisions about choice of a marriage partner, getting a divorce and custody of their children. The statues of the women in Islam is the woman is the mother and “Paradise Lies under her feet” (Ikhwan ) Reformists and
feminists have challenged women’s lack of rights and lack of control over their own lives in Muslim
Laws through the various techniques as in the section Framework for Progressive Islam. (Spirituality,
Gender and Islam, 2007). Women are often expected to be obedient wives and mothers staying within the family...