Musical Elements in Edgar Allan Poe's the Raven

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GHENT UNIVERSITY
FACULTY OF ARTS AND PHILOSOPHY

Master‘s Dissertation:
Musical Elements in Edgar Allan Poe‘s ―The Raven‖: A Literary Study

EVIE HEMERIJCKX
MASTER OF COMPARATIVE MODERN LITERATURE

PROMOTOR: PROF. DR. Vander Motten
DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH LITERATURE

ACADEMIC YEAR 2008 - 2009

2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface ....................................................................................................................................... 3 1. Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 4 1.1. Research Questions .................................................................................................... 6 1.2. Research Method ........................................................................................................ 7 2. General Introduction to Edgar Allan Poe: Biography, Popularity and Music .......... 9 2.1. Biography of Edgar Allan Poe ................................................................................... 9 2.2. Edgar Allan Poe and ―The Raven‖ in Popular Culture ............................................ 11 2.2.1.

Edgar Allan Poe‘s Popularity ........................................................................... 11 2.2.2.
Modern Popularity of Edgar Allan Poe ............................................................ 12 2.3. Edgar Allan Poe and Music ...................................................................................... 17 2.3.1.

Poe‘s Fascination for Music ............................................................................. 17 2.3.2.
Poe as an Inspiration for Musicians ................................................................. 20 2.4. Conclusion ................................................................................................................ 25 3. The Literary Composition of Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven” ................................. 26 3.1. Edgar Allan Poe‘s Literary Theory in ―The Philosophy of Composition‖ .............. 26 3.2. Influences from other Literary Works ...................................................................... 27 3.3. Striking Literary Elements in Poe‘s ―The Raven‖ ................................................... 30 3.4. Conclusion ................................................................................................................ 34 4. Two Arts in Tandem: Literature and Music ............................................................... 35 4.1. A Historical Survey of Musico-Literary Studies ...................................................... 35 4.2. A General Study of the Close Relationship between Literature and Music............. 38 4.2.1.

Similarities between Literature and Music ....................................................... 38 4.2.2.
Dissimilarities between Literature and Music .................................................. 40 4.3. Conclusion ................................................................................................................ 44 5. Musicality and “The Raven” ......................................................................................... 46 5.1. Musical Framework .................................................................................................. 46 5.2. Analysis of the Musical Elements in Edgar Allan Poe‘s ―The Raven‖ ................... 49 5.2.1.

Adaptation of Literary Elements for Musical Purposes ................................... 49 5.2.2.
Imitation of the Structural Musical Principle of Repetition and Variation ...... 52 5.2.3.
Imitation of Traditional Musical Elements ...................................................... 53 5.2.4.
Conclusion ........................................................................................................ 59 5.3. First Modern Musical Setting: Lou Reed and ―The Raven‖ .................................... 61 5.3.1.

Structural Musical...
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