The role of the Music Publisher plays an important part within the Music Industry. They discover the great songs and composers that we listen to today. They work hard to exploit these songs into the market and make money for both himself and his client. During this essay I plan to explore further into this career, I intend to discover more about the different aspects, such as, the role the publisher plays within the industry, the salary, and qualifications needed. I hope to look at some of the legal aspects also, including the contract between publisher and writer. I am interested to find out exactly what it is that a music publisher does, especially on a day to day basis. The music publisher stands at the crossroads of Art and Commerce, where enthusiasm for the art and business sense meet or miss each other. My main aim throughout this essay is too discuss this much debate question. I would like to include an interview from a music publisher and hear their view on this matter, and through my research conclude the matter with my own opinion.
"Music publishing is where the copyright creator (Songwriter) allows the business person (Music Publisher) to take on the responsibility of maximizing the earning potential of the creator’s endeavors". –Johnny Lappin. The main purpose of a music publisher is to exploit, administer and collect royalties for its copyright properties. They acquire the rights to songs from lyricists, songwriters and composers; this is done through an agreement called a publishing contract. The publisher will licence the composition, this helps monitor when and where the music is used, the publisher will then collect any royalties due for this usage. The publisher sells the rights to record companies (to make records), to sheet music publishers (to make sheet music books or digital sheet music to sell over the internet) and to the makers of film and adverts (synch). * There are five rights to which the music publisher has control of: * Mechanical Rights
Permission is needed to mechanically reproduce a licensed work. The money that is paid and collected for this licensing is called a Mechanical Royalty. * Synchronization Rights
This is the rights to the use of music used in synchronization to a visual, such as, in commercial advertising. The publisher would need to negotiate and issue a synchronization license so that the copyright can be used. * Print Rights
Usually publishers will issue sheet music of all copyrighted works, especially that of a major songwriter they represent. * Digital Print Rights
It is now possible for publishers to make digital copies of all a songwriter’s sheet music and artists’ recordings. This can then be sold online through MIDI files, PDF files etc. * Public Performance Rights
Public Performance Rights such as, IMRO, collect royalties on the behalf of the publisher. They collect from Radio, Television, Retail stores and nightclubs etc. which use music in an effort to enhance their music.
The Role of the Publisher
Before the days of the singer/songwriter, music publishing was the music business. Publishers would acquire the copyrights to writers work and would then try to get the work exploited. Due to the fact that a lot of artists started writing their own music, the relationship between the publisher and the rest of the Industry began to change. Record Companies began to realise that if they singed an artist that write their own stuff they would not have any problems finding songs for the artist, and so they began looking for artists that could offer them this single package. An artist/composer can hire a publisher or they can publish their music themselves. It costs around €150 to register your own publishing company but not all artists have the time or skill to run this and can often end up going broke.
The publisher handles the administrative aspects of the business, contracts need to be...