Music in the 1900's

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Stephen Mensah
Period 6
The topic I will be writing about is Music in the 1900s starting from the beginning and explaining how and why new genre’s emerged from the old ones, to result in the music we know today. My research will be derived of these following books: Letters to a Young Jazz Musician, The ballad of book of john Jacob Niles, and I Hear America Singing. Notes and bibliography

Website 1: Enjoy the music.com/history
(notes A.) As the 1900's began, the variety of music genre began to grow exponentially it seems. Ragtime, big band, jazz, folk, blues, crooning, scat, country/western, funk, be bop, rock, southern rock, disco, punk, break dance, hip-hop, techno, acid jazz, progressive, alternative, house music and many other types and variables were formed. Rock and country/western spawned southern rock. Progressive and jazz combined to form acid jazz. After disco came break dancing which then followed with hip-hop, techno and house music. So as the instruments and supporting technology changed, the way we expressed ourselves with music also seems to have changed. Website 2: www.john-meekings.co.uk/timeline.html

Timeline of the 1900s: The turn of the century saw four distinctive musical styles - Church Music, Country Blues, Ragtime and Anglo-American Folk - unwittingly join forces to create the musical force we refer to collectively as The Blues. 1900

COUNTRY BLUES, the Blues was a living music in the countryside of the southern states. It was this pure music which expressed the hopes and fears of an oppressed race. RAGTIME, a commercial black music, associated with popular dances such as the 'Catwalk'. Joplin was the principal exponent. ANGLO-AMERICAN FOLK, often featuring fiddles and banjos, Folk was to have a great influence on all forms of music. 1910

URBAN BLUES (Later R&B) William Christopher Handy (1876 - 1958) was a professionally trained musician who adapted country blues to the urban environment. Two great female singers then created the so-called 'Classic Blues' in this style during the 1920's. 1920

BLACK CHURCH MUSIC, religion was one of the great solaces of the oppressed blacks of the US, and a particular form of church singing known as 'Spirituals' became world renowned, especially when taken up by the great Paul Robeson. JAZZ, a recognisable style, jazz grew out of professional Urban Blues and the dance rhythms of Ragtime with artist like Jelly Roll Morton, King Oliver and Louis Armstrong. BOOGIE WOOGIE, the distinctive stomping sound of Boogie-Woogie with its strong, rhythmic piano developed from a combination of Ragtime, Urban Blues and Jazz as play by Albert Ammons and Meade Lux Lewis. JUG BANDS, a kind of simplified jazz on cheap instruments. Jug band music grew directly out of Urban Blues with bands like Will Shade's Memphis Jug Band and Earl McDonald's Dixieland Jug Blowers. 1930

GOSPEL, a new music taken up by singers reared in the Spiritual tradition. Gospel has influenced all subsequent Black music as sung by Mahalla Jackson and Sister Rosetta Tharpe. JUMP MUSIC, a small-group variant on the big-band Swing style performed by Louis Jordan (1908 - 1975). 1940

WEST COAST BLUES, Aaron Thibeaux Walker (1910 - 1975). ( T-Bone Walker ) began recording in California under his own name, using electric (rather than acoustic) guitar. He used guitar with jazz horns to create a Blues style that has lasted to this day. The other major player who developed from West Coast Blues was the legendary B.B. King. ( More about BB later ).

BLUEGRASS, in the mid 1940's Bill Monroe used Blues inflections and exciting rhythms to create a sound that became an important strand of Country music from then on, other players at time were Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs. CHICAGO and DETRIOT, while T-Bone Walker was recording on the West Coast, musicians in the industrial cities of the Midwest were developing their own style - one that owed more to a direct link with Urban Blues and less to Jazz. Their Electric...
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