The Museum of Modern Art in New York City is the world’s leading modern art. Its exhibits have been a major influence in creating and stimulating popular awareness of modern art and its accompanying diversity of its styles and movements. The museum’s outstanding collections of modern painting, sculpture, drawings, and prints range from Impressionisms to current movements. Moreover, there are exhibits of modern architecture, industrial design, sculpture, photography, prints and electronic media. The museum presently has a modern art library of 300,000 books and impressive collections of films that are shown regularly. The Museum is said to be the complementary of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, which houses a more generalized art. The museum is also one of the most visited in the city, with 2.1-2.5 million patrons each year.
The museum was the idea of John D. Rockefeller Jr.’s wife, Abby Aldrich, and two of her friends, who also happen to be progressive patrons of the art, Mrs. Cornelius Sullivan and Lillie P. Bliss. The three became to be known as “the daring ladies”. To begin their vision, they rented a small quarter for their new museum in November 9, 1929, nine days after the Wall Street Crash. Mr. A. Conger Goodyear was invited by Abby Aldrich, to become the president of the new museum, while Abby became its treasurer. It opened as the first American museum to be exclusively devoted to modern art and the first in Manhattan to feature European modernism.
With Goodyear at the helm, Paul J. Sachs and Frank Crowninshield were enlisted to become founding trustees. Sachs, at that time, was associate director and curator of prints in Harvard University’s Fogg Art Museum. It was Sachs who suggested Alfred H. Barr Jr. to become the Museum of Modern Arts first curator. Barr enabled the museum rise to prominence and indeed on November of 1929, the museum housed works by Seurat, Cezanne, Gauguin and Van Gogh.
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