Murray Introduction Stonehenge

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  • Topic: Stonehenge, Avebury, Archaeology
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  • Published : March 18, 2011
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Archaeological Dig Report: Stonehenge
By: David So
Teacher: Majorie Murray

Introduction
Stonehenge is one of Britain's prehistoric monuments. It is located in the town of Amesbury, Wiltshire, in Southern England. There are many theories speculated about the origin of Stonehenge. Historians believed that a giant built the structure for Merlin, John Webb claimed it is a Roman temple dedicated to Caelus, a place for pagan ritual, John Aubrey claimed it is the work of the druids, John Bubbock attributed it is a site of the Bronze Age and Gerald Hawkins believed it is site for astronomical phenomena.

The Problem
The researchers, Tim Darvill and Geoff Wainwright, postulated that the Stonehenge is a pilgrimage place of the sick and injured of the Neolithic world. The burials uncovered around Stonehenge have evidence of trauma and deformity. They postulated that the bluestones harbour great powers and that ancient people travelled far and wide to be healed by the bluestones. The problem is to locate the site where the bluestones are in Stonehenge and to prove their theory that the bluestones are used for its intrinsic power. The duo initiated the excavation on 31 March 2008 and it lasted to 11 April 2008.

How Stonehenge Was Built
Stonehenge was constructed approximately 5,000 years ago with a ditch arrangement called a henge. It is believed that the picks were made from the antlers of red deer in order to dig the ditch and braided bark rope were used to haul the stones upright. To loosen the underlying chalk, picks as well as shovels made from the shoulder blades of cattle were utilized.

Stonehenge was rebuilt many times. It started off as an urban works enclosure. It was not until around 2600 BCE that the first bluestones arrived. The bluestones were arranged in a ring around a ring. The bluestone circle was later taken down 200 years later in 2400 BCE. At this point, the greatest building in Britain got underway. The first of the huge sarsens...
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