Why did Hitler attempt the Munich Putsch in 1923?
1. By 1923, the Nazi party had 55,000 members and was stronger than ever before. 2. The Weimar Republic was in crisis and about to collapse.
3. In September 1923, the Weimar government had called off the general strike, and every German nationalist was furious with the government. 4. Hitler thought he would be helped by important nationalist politicians in Bavaria. 5. Hitler had a huge army of storm troopers, but he knew he would lose control of them if he did not give them something to do. 6. Hitler hoped to copy Mussolini - the Italian fascist leader - who had come to power in Italy in 1922 by marching on Rome.
Results of the Munich Putsch
The Munich Putsch was a failure. As a result:
1. The Nazi party was banned, and Hitler was prevented from speaking in public until 1927. 2. Hitler went to prison, where he wrote 'Mein Kampf'. Millions of Germans read it, and Hitler's ideas became very well-known. 3. Hitler decided that he would never come to power by revolution; he realised that he would have to use constitutional means, so he organised: * the Hitler Youth
* propaganda campaigns
* mergers with other right-wing parties
* local branches of the party, which tried to get Nazis elected to the Reichstag * The SS as his personal bodyguard, which was set up in 1925 It was this strategy of gaining power legitimately that eventually brought him to power.
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