Advantages and disadvantages of the multiculturalism in big cities, particularly in London
Ethnic and racial diversity is not a new phenomenon in the world history: in the Middle East and the Mediterranean World, a multiplicity of cultures coexisted in rural areas as well as in cities since Antiquity. Nowadays multiculturalism has become an official policy in several European countries since the 1970s, for reasons that varied from country to country, including the fact that many of the great cities of the Western world are increasingly made of different cultures. In less than three decades, “multiculturalism” has become a word immediately recognised by politicians, social commentators, academics and the general public. According to the Cambridge English Dictionary, multiculturalism can be defined as “the existence of several cultures within a society.” In the political context, this term has a lot of meanings, starting with the promotion of equal respect for different cultures in society, to developing of the conservation of cultural diversity in politics, in which people of different nationalities and religious groups are considered by the authorities as defined in the group they belong to. As noted already that multiculturalism has been an official policy in many Western English-speaking countries. Additionally, it should be mentioned that the spread of multiculturalism started in Canada in 1971, followed by Australia. Finally, it was quickly adopted as official the policy by most member-states of the European Union. The United Kingdom and particularly London is a prime example of the developed multiculturalism. Factually, London is home to more than half of the English population of Black Caribbean, Black Africans and Black other ethnic groups as well as 49 per cent of Bangladeshis. However, multiculturalism caused by immigration has become a hot topic in the UK. It is one of the most emotive and sensitive subjects in British politics. Several heads-of-state, including The UK's Prime Minister David Cameron, have expressed disapproval about the policy of multiculturalism. “Multiculturalism has failed”. In other words, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Australia's ex-prime minister John Howard, Spanish ex-premier Jose Aznar, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and British Prime Minister David Cameron doubt about the success and effectiveness of their multicultural policies. On the other hand, there is a tendency to believe that multiculturalism has a rather positive influence on people. As a result, the issues related to multiculturalism are very relevant and significant for Great Britain. That is the reason why the main aims of this essay are: to review the advantages and disadvantages of multiculturalism, to research the effect of multiculturalism on the development of different European countries, particularly Great Britain and finally make a conclusion.
Yet an important point to note is that there is a need to review two positions on the issues connected with multiculturalism. It is often assumed that multiculturalism affect our society in a positive way. Lord Sacks, Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth says that multiculturalism was intended to create a more tolerant society, one in which everyone, regardless of colour, creed or culture, felt at home. This is especially true in large cities such as London. A third of all Londoners were born outside the UK. As a result, the policy of multiculturalism may prevent such serious problems as racial discrimination. This in turn means that people from foreign countries with different religion, nationality or colour will not be aliens or strangers in London just because of the fact that they were not born there. Moreover, ending of multiculturalism could mean a return to 1980s race riots. Today in the 21st century people live in the world of freedom and democracy, consequently, it is no use to come back in time of racial...
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