As discussed by Fine (2007, Lecture 10a) Australia started out as primarily a penal colony. By the 1830’s free movement had started and Australia was becoming a settler society. Early immigration at this time consisted of mainly British and Celtic’s coming to Australia through programs such as parish-assisted emigration until 1846, followed by free passage and bounty systems administered in London and UK assisted packages. While there were some other European and non-European settlers during this time, they came out on their own and the majority of settlers were still British and Celtic. The first government policy on immigration was the ‘white Australia policy’, which excluded non-European immigrants. The white Australia policy was not officially abolished until 1973, however, after World War 2 we started to see more people immigrating to Australia from other European... [continues]
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