Origins of Multiculturalism
Multiculturalism was said to originate in 1965, this was due to the preliminary report given by the Canadian royal commission of biculturalism and bilingualism. This two were cited as the quintessential source of Multiculturalism. The commission gave a final report and was published between 1967 and 1970; this became the first publication that talked about a multicultural story, thus the term multiculturalism was formed. The term has been used to illustrate cultural diversity, which has mainly based on the distinctiveness and identity of ones native ethnicity and language; but this was not necessarily a biological function. (Ronald L & Jackson) The initial understanding of the term Multiculturalism mainly means that it is the effort of protecting and preserving Aboriginal or minority cultures. A lot of Democratic states consider enabling there consider enabling there minority ethnic groups by granting them Autonomity and political self representation. This made the term Multiculturalism gain a lot of popularity in the 9170s, especially in nations like Australia which wanted to follow Canada's lead. This Trend soon became common in USSR, and during the 1976 constitution 16 autonomous ethnic republics were recognized. (Ronald, L & Jackson)
Causes of Multiculturalism
Globalization widely caused multiculturalism, it was brought about by colonization and it simply means coming together of different cultures, societies and economics. It is also through this process that the distance to another became relatively smaller. It was not long that there were inequalities in the world; which was between the rich (north) and the poor (south), and soon the south grew bigger through globalization. Migration is another main cause of Multiculturalism, especially labor Migration and forced migration. Whereby people from different cultures, had to move to other countries there by the different cultures mixed (Multiculturalism and Will Kymlicka). America has the most racially and a cultural population in the World and this diversity has only increased over the years due to immigration which is another great cause of Multiculturalism. As this people come to America they come along with their cultures and distinctive ways of life. In the past few years many people have immigrated to the U.S illegally leading to a growing number of illegal immigrants (Howard, K &Pintozzi, D).
There are many negative effects caused by Multiculturalism, and one serious, effect is racism and Xenophobia which are powerful tools that motivate people. This can be seen by the examples of the Cold war and Nazi German (Some negative effects of multiculturalism). Multiculturalism has created a lot of cultural diversity in most cities in the World; London being one of the most cultural cities in the world has not been left behind. But there are many...