June 18, 2012
Dr. Gretchen Brandhorst
Multicultural psychology is the systematic study of all aspects of human behavior as it occurs in settings where people of different cultural backgrounds encounter each other. Multiculturalism has been considered a “fourth force” in the field of psychology, supplementing behaviorism, psychodynamic theories, and humanistic psychology. Such topics as differences consist of in worldviews and in means of communication; the acculturation process; stereotyping, prejudice, discrimination and racism; cultural identity development; and building multicultural competence. Multicultural psychology by definition, " Multi-cultural psychology is a body that studies on all aspects of human behavior through focusing on cultural differences among the people from various parts of the world. Basically, multi-cultural psychology investigates on what is perceived as acceptable and un-acceptable behavioral characteristics among the people. On top of considering on normal lives at social institutions and homes among other, multi-cultural psychology also focuses on what is usually considered as being ‘normal’ and ‘abnormal’. According to Hall, Gordon Nagayama (2009), "It is important to note that, each sub-group in the society has its specific behaviors and norms; in which in broad terms, various behaviors of these sub-groups are studied generally under multi-cultural psychology."
The History of Multicultural Psychology
History of Multicultural Psychology
As the new millennium has become present, there has been a shift in people’s residence globally. This transformation is causing our communities to take on a new gander; our communities are more diverse now acting as a melting pot for many individuals. The melting pot is no longer a simple ingredient; it has become a bowl of Louisiana gumbo and Campbell alphabet soup; and the cultures are as plentiful as the number of alphabets. What makes this even more a phenomenon is the crossover of cultures; cultures marrying into other cultures. Another possibility to consider is the cultures within a family cultural called acculturation. These combinations can make for dirty water or a sweet tasting delicatessen depending on a person’s perspective and taste. The results rest in how closely involved he or she decides to participate in the cooking process. One thing for sure is this infusion of cultures is a hand on experience. With all this activity; no wonder America is becoming more confused with its identity. In the text it states that the presidency is symbolic of America; if this statement be true then it’s appropriate that America have an ushering in of multicultural psychology with our new president. The neglected variable The neglected variable is the absence of cultural studies in mainstream research since early times. This neglect was not limited to culture; included was women, gays, lesbians, and people of color, just about anyone who did not fit the European prototype. The main reason behind this neglect can be seen in the American Psychological Association; the group that is the gatekeeper of the psychological world. In this organization people have aspired to his or her apex within the profession, know today as a doctorate of psychology. Over 90% of doctorate psychologist is European American (Bernal & Castro, 1994). This group is dominated by men who have over time contended that most of them do not see themselves as a part of an ethnicity. Rather they would prefer to be known as an America, neither European American nor white. The political correct attitude of colorblindness highlights the void of cultural study. When research was conducted it was done so with European American as participants. This was seen as a standard practice for studying psychology and the study results were revealed as applicable to non...