Multi Disciplinary Nature of Environmnental Studies

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CHAPTER-1 MULTI DISCIPLINARY NATURE OF ENVIRONMNENTAL STUDIES OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY –
the need of making the environment education is to instill environmental ethics in to the fabric of our society and to impart the knowledge of nature and its importance in all walks of our life . LEARNING OUTCOMES-

economy, business, agriculture, organisational culture, society research and development required no of hours – 3hrs

INTRODUCTION:
Environmental studies is a very broad academic field which examines the interactions between humans and their natural environment. As one might imagine, environmental studies is an interdisciplinary field, incorporating concepts as varied as geology and philosophy. DEFINITION:

Acc to committe on environmental health association of America – environment comprises of the surroundings in which man lives ,works,and plays. Acc to osting –“the environment is a complex of variables factors or causes which includes substances, conditions forces organisms and time Scope

Scope of environmental studies is vast but confined to the study of natural resource ,ecosystems ,biodiversity and its conservation ,environment pollution ,social issues and environment ,human population and environment and sustainable development . THE MULTIDISCIPLINARY NATURE OF THE STUDY

1Environment and economics-
economic growth and environmental balance- to achieve a higher economic growth ,resources have to be exploited and used in a proper way.. if resources are not exploited and pollution is formed ,this leads to low economic growth. Eg. BOP pollution control and environment- pollution today has a very high clean up and control cost which ultimately has to be borne by the consumers.the producers who are the polluters ,will just shift the cost to the consumers . eg pigovian tax,sintax conservation of resources-the environment is the provider for all the materials needed by the man i.e. air,water ,minerals,timber ,shelter ,food etc. GNP is often used as a tool to measure economic growth and indicates the direction in which the economy is moving Environment and Sociology-

Sociology is the study of family ,society,status,social mobility and attitudes of the people ,values , and beliefs .Davis holds that demographic changes are both reflective and behavioural .they are reflective in that they affect other component of social system. they are behaviourial in that they involve human decisions. .development project are intended to modify social and natural environments in order to create or enhance the economic health ,educational and other benefits that are valued by society. An environment assessment (EA) should identify the social changes ,evaluate the social costs of long term continuation of the project EA is concerned to primarily with those relating to environmental resources and informed participation of the affected groups.eg; Variation with communities

Control over local resources
Instructions
Social issues in ecologically sensitive areas like coastal and marine areas

Environment and Biology-
The ultimate environmental concern is that of life itself. Biochemical process not only are profoundly influenced by chemical species in the environment .their degradation and even their synthesis particularly in the aquatic and soil environment. The study of such phenomena forms the basis of environment al biology. Environment and ecology and eco system

Ernst Hackel - ecology can be “the study of relation of organism or group of organisms to their environment”. The essence of science is in understanding the phenomena: The local and geographic distribution and abundance of organisms. The inter relations between organisms in population and communities (population ecology) The biological productivity of nature and how this may best serve mankind (eco system ecology) TERMS AND MEANING

ENVIRONMENT- the surroundings in which organisms live
ECOLOGY -interrelationship of living...
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