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Mughal Painting

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  • Jan. 18, 2010
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Mughal painting was rich in variety and included portraits, events and scenes from court life, wild life and hunting scenes, and illustrations of battles. Development
Mughal painting developed and flourished during the reigns of Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan.Mughal painting reflects an exclusive combination of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles. As the name suggests, these paintings evolved as well as developed during the rule of Mughal Emperors in India, between 16th to 19th century. The Mughal paintings of India revolved around themes, like battles, court scenes, receptions, legendary stories, hunting scenes, wildlife, portraits, etc. The Victoria and Albert Museums of London house a large and impressive collection of Mughal paintings. Mogul miniature Indo-Islamic miniature painting of court life or the natural world, produced in northern India in the ateliers (workshops) of the Mogul emperors Akbar, Jahangir, and Shah Jahan (16th–17th centuries). Persian Safavid artists introduced the traditions of miniature painting from Persian art, but the atelier then developed its own unique style, combining Persian and European techniques as well as Hindu and Islamic traditions. Exquisite and meticulously detailed miniatures were painted with great realism in glowing, jewel-like colours. Many paintings were worked on by more than one artist, often both Hindu and Muslim – perhaps one doing the outline, while the other coloured. Islam arrived in India in the late 10th century, and subsequent waves of zealous and increasingly strong Muslim armies destroyed all Hindu and Buddhist temples between the 11th and 13th centuries. Little remains of India's original Hindu and Buddhist art, although Persian painters employed in the Muslim courts adopted some of the characteristics of Hindu art. The first atelier was set up by the third Mogul emperor under Safavid printers. However, the emperor's atelier soon became more celebrated for its miniatures. Realistic royal portraits were...