Mughal and Safavid Social Structures

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Crystal Castaneda

AP World History

Period 3 April 6, 2011

Safavid and Mughal
Mughal and Safavid were a few of the strongest empires in their time. These empires shared many similarities, but one major similarity is their political structures. The Safavid and Mughal both had a centralized government, based on military conquest, and were both Muslim based empires. But like many things these two empires do have differences, they were both in different regions, overall population was different, and the branch of Islam they followed was separate.

The Mughal and Safavid had Islam, the base of military conquest and a centralized government as similarities. In the time of their reign, Islam was of great power in the world. The development and introduction of gun powder helped these empires expand and strive. Islam played a big role in the management of their political systems, for example, women’s rights would be affected by the strict rule of Muslim religion. Being based on military conquest was beneficial to Islam, expanding Islam and influencing a wide range of people; bringing many of the tribal religions under one rule, expanding the political strength of the Safavid and Mughal empires. Having a centralized government meant that one person made all the decisions; this could be beneficial or could destroy an empire. For example, the person who’s making all the decisions could be biased and choose something that they believe is right, not including the views of the people.

Although, joined by their similarities, The Mughal and Safavid had striking differences in the regions where they lived in, and the population in their empires, and the branch of Islam they followed. The Safavid ruled highly diverse areas, benefiting them because they had the advantage of communicating with a diverse range of people, bringing in knowledge, wealth, etc. In the Mughal Empire they had struggles because the Hindu population would struggle with the Muslim...
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