Contribute to the support of the positive environments for children and young people 3.1
Explain how to effectively care for children and young people’s skin, hair and teeth In every setting it is essential that children’s learning curriculum for personal care covers their skin, hair, teeth and overall personal hygiene. When teaching about skin, children and young people should be encouraged to wash their hands after using the toilet or before eating. We should also encourage them to wash themselves in the morning and before bed. Encouraging children to wash their faces (having individual flannels) is a good way to enforce this. We must point out to them the importance of the water temperature so they know the difference between the hot (red) and the cold (blue) types of taps, to avoid them scalding themselves, although in the setting children should not be using warm water unsupervised. Babies are a little different when skincare is involved. Their nappies must be changed regularly to prevent infection, and the skin must be moisturised well. It is important that we speak with parents about each child as some children may have allergies or skin conditions such as eczema. This may lead to them only able to use certain skin products and not being able to use soap. Personal hygiene and care are important to the child’s development when growing up. We also need to teach children about sun care and the dangers the sun can have on our skin if we stay out in it for too long or at the wrong times, without using sun cream and covering up our skin as much as possible as too much exposure to the sun can cause skin cancer. Babies under 6 months should always be kept out of the sun so it is important that we have sheltered areas for the babies. Children should wear sun hats and t shirts and ensure their faces are protected. When looking after hair, again we must discuss this with the parents as children may have allergies and require specific products....
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