MU 5.3 Lead practice that supports positive outcomes for child and young person development.
Explain different theories and frameworks of child and young person development. As Believed by Erik Erikson, stages of a child's development are linked to their social and cognitive development, instead of just being led by their physical needs. He looked at how culture and society can influence a persons development. Basic conflicts are encountered at each stage of development and if these conflicts are not resolved at the end of each stage may result in the child forming a negative effect in the later stages of development (Leadership and Management in Health and Social Care and children and young people's services, 2nd Edition, Joanne McKibbin and Alix Walton, 2008).
However Abraham Maslow developed a theory called the 'Hierarchy of Needs', a five stage model. Each stage has two levels of need- basic and advanced. Maslow's theory suggests that an individuals needs must be met at each stage before moving onto the next. Maslow believed that a minority of people are able to get to the top of the 'hierarchy'. People prioritise their basic needs i.e. if a person is made redundant, usually their main concern would be to get another job to pay for the bills rather than seeing it as an opportunity to progress in other areas. if a person is depraved of their basic needs are likely to have a fixation on a particular set of needs i.e. well paid, successful adults who grew up extremely deprived may fixate over keeping enough food in their fridge.
Sigmund Freud claims that a child's relationships with their parents greatly effects the way the child develops morally. We learn how to behave socially acceptable through the modelling of others. If a child witnesses a parent/carer behave negatively then the child may feel that it is acceptable to treat other people like this. Freud stressed the importance of childhood events. He focused on mental disorders. according to Freud, child...
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