CONSERVATION IN ISFAHAN
Scottish Centre for Conservation Studies
MSc Architectural Conservation
History & Theory of Conservation
Dr. Ruxandra-Iulia Stoica
Great Mosque of Isfahan:
One of the oldest mosques in Iran, also known as “Jame” or “Jome Mosque of Isfahan”, most of the time considered as museum of Islamic Persian architecture, having different modification & additions of various eras & ordinances. The excavations done around the mosque during numerous projects by different experts working on the site proved that the belief that the early structures of the mosque - 771 B.C - have been held on the remains of a previous village & specially a Zoroastrian altar. The mosque’s location in construction’s time where on the central core of the city, which later parts of the city during next kingdoms when Isfahan became the capital during the Seljuk era (1038-1118), the mosque stayed the centre of the urban planning, although Safavid reign established Naqshe Jahan Square in southern parts of the city in late 16th c. as a whole new urban complex, the mosque & its surrounding have stayed socially & commercially alive till today. The Friday mosque of Isfahan is a prominent architectural expression of the Seljuk rule in Persia (1038-1118). In 1051, Isfahan became the capital of the Seljuk’s, who arrived in Khwarizm and Transoxiana from central Asia in the eleventh century. Defenders of Sunnism, they aimed at the restoration of the Abbasid Caliphate. The conquest of Isfahan by Tughril Beg elevated the city's status, which was manifested in the rich architectural projects representing the Seljuk's powerful empire - the first of which was the Friday mosque.
The mosque is woven organically into the urban fabric, with the two towers flanking the southern iwan and the large domes on the north...