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Briefly discuss the dynamics of power and the political perspective of organisations.

POWER    IN  MANAGEMENT
-is the ability or capacity to perform or act effectively. A specific capacity, faculty, or aptitude. Often used in the plural: -her powers of concentration.
-Strength or force exerted or capable of being exerted; might. -The ability or official capacity to exercise control; authority.

AUTHORITY  IN  MANAGEMENT
-is the power or right to give orders or make decisions; "he has the authority to issue warrants";  (usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over others;  an expert whose views are taken as definitive; "he is an authority on corporate law"

IN  MANAGEMENT  PRACTICES,

Management is the process of getting activities completed efficiently and effectively with and through other people. using   the  Management functions  of  :
-PLANNING
-ORGANIZING
-STAFFING
-DIRECTING
-COORDINATING
-CONTROLLING
-REPORTING
-BUDGETING
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ROUTINE MANAGERIAL  DUTIES

*Analyze, on a periodic basis, workload and personnel needs of an organizational unit.

*Recommend changes in the staff level of the work unit.

*Review documentation for new positions and positions that have been revised.

*Obtain approval to modify positions.

*Interview candidates for employment and make hiring decision or recommendations.

*Orient new subordinates concerning policy and procedures, work rules, and performance expectation levels. Review position responsibilities.

*Plan, delegate, communicate and control work assignments and special projects concerning subordinates.

*Establish and maintain specific work goals and objectives or quantitative and qualitative work standards to be achieved by subordinates.

*Train, develop, and motivate subordinates to improve current performance and to prepare for higher  level jobs.

*Determine significant changes in responsibilities and major duties of subordinates by reviewing their job responsibilities on a regular basis.

*Evaluate the performance of subordinates. Document and discuss present and past

*performance with each direct report. Keep supervisor informed of results.

*Review salaries of subordinates and recommend changes according to policy and procedures.

*Recommend personnel actions such as promotions, performance awards, demotions, etc., according to budget guidance and policy.

*Advise superiors and subordinates of developments that impact job duties. Ensure proper communications.

*Maintain discipline, recommend and administer corrective action according to policy and procedures.

*Communicate and administer personnel programs in accordance with design and objectives.

*Maintain proper documentation on all subordinates.

*Direct the business activities of the company for the achievement of short and long term business/policy objectives, increased profit, production activity, or market share.

*Establish the business's objectives, policies and programmes within the context of the overall Corporate plan and, where appropriate, recommend standards and set targets (may include manufacturing, sales, marketing, distribution and administration).

*Prepare, or arrange for the preparation of the business's budgets, reports and forecasts, and ensure they are presented in a timely manner to the  MANAGEMENT.

*Appraise the activities of the BUSINESS according to overall strategies and objectives, and monitor and evaluate branch and division performance, the efficiency of staff, procedures and production costs.

*Co ordinate subordinate staff to optimise the use of human and material resources to achieve goals. Consult with subordinate staff and review recommendations and reports.

*Oversee the development and implementation of all BUSINESS  activities including production, distribution and sales, to protect the funds invested.

*Plan and review the BUSINESS...
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