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What is MRSA and What You Need to Know About It?
Shannon Simpson
Southwest Baptist University

Abstract
The infection methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been and is a subject of increasing concern among the population and are on the climb. More and more people are becoming resilient to increasingly deadly infection such as pneumonia, septicemia and is associated with a substantial mortality and more different strains of antibiotics are not curing MRSA.

Keywords: MRSA, infection, antibiotics, risks

What is MRSA and What You Need to Know About It?

MRSA which stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria which first emerged as a serious infection in the late 1960’s (Rohde & Ross-Gordon, 2012). This organism is known for causing major skin infections in addition to many other types of infections (“Mayo 2010A). The term methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is used to illustrate a number of strains to the bacteria that are resistant to a number of antibiotics including methicillin. Staphylococcus aureus is a gram-positive cocci group of bacteria that can live anywhere on the surface of people’s skin and and/or the inside the nose (Rhinehart & Friedman, 2006, p.10). S. aureus is an example of a resident organism which has an incubation period of 1-6 hours, duration of illness of 24-48 hours, and can have a sudden onset of severe nausea and vomiting along with diarrhea and fever (Rhinehart & Friedman, 2006, p.16, 74). MRSA is usually harmless because it can lay dormant for long periods of time and the individual may not even know they are a carrier until they have an outbreak. MRSA can be transmitted by but not limited to skin-to-skin contact from one person to another. While MRSA skin infections can occur in any individual they are more likely to occur in participants of many types of sports, and more likely to occur in contact sports—such as football, wrestling, and rugby, and can also be found in weight training rooms as well. MRSA is also found among people in healthcare facilities (such as nursing homes) and hospitals whose patients have a weakened or weaken immune system. MRSA which can most often enter the body through a cut or scrape, can then emerge from there. Common signs of this infection can include a single red bump that resembles a boil, pustule, a pimple, can even be a cluster of red bumps and many people mistake it for a spider bite. Most MRSA diagnoses start off with the physician treating it as a spider bite; therefore the MRSA is not properly treated. These types of skin infections can commonly occur at sites of visible skin distress and sometimes at areas of the body covered by hair (Mayo Clinic 2010B). According to McMann (2009), MRSA affects about 0.8%-2.0% of the U.S. population and these certain people are called MRSA carriers and is increasing yearly (McMann, 2011).—will have to get this citation later left other notes on computer. If the patient is aware they are a carrier of MRSA one of the major components in the control of the transmission is the early detection of patients who are either colonized or already infected with MRSA (Sherlock, Humphreys & Dolan, 2010). There is a type of MRSA infection that has occurred in the wider community mostly among healthy people is known as community-associated MRSA or CA-MRSA and it often begins as a painful skin boil, which is most likely spread by skin-to-skin contact. At-risk populations include groups such as: people who live in crowded conditions, high school workers, sports personnel or players, and people who live in crowded conditions (Mayo Clinic, 2010B) Staph can cause skin infections in healthy people and is the most common cause of serious infections in hospital patients. Most of these infections are treated with antibiotics but staph persistently makes copies of itself, providing plenty of opportunity for mutations that strengthen the next generation...
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