The current paper deals with a discussion of meaning of j. r. firth ( john Robert firth 1890-1963) from a linguistic point of view. For limitation of time and space, the study discusses the concept of meaning according to firth, its development, its use, the superiority of meaning according to firth, a snapshot on the contextual theory of meaning, a look on the requirements of the study of meaning.
Key Words: Linguistic, Meaning, Superiority, and Contextual theory.
1.1 Topic of the Research
The focus of the research falls on J. R. firth's concept of Meaning consists of four parts. The main attention is bayed just for Firth the current paper does not discuss any particular concept out of Firthian perspective, or any related point of view of meaning refer to any other linguist. 1.2 Objectives of the Research
This paper attempts to undertake the task of a discussion of Firthian concepts of meaning only from a Firthian point of view, this discussion is from a linguistic point of view. The aim behind this discussion is to show meaning is not only necessary to linguistics, but to all of science fields also, how does Firth give a great attention to meaning, and to bay J. R. firth the founder of school of London the respect he deserve, and just to have a snap shot on the great work he did. 1.3 Method of the Research
The researcher has adopted an argumentative descriptive approach that attempts, as much as possible, of the discussion of Firthian concept of meaning.
Review of the literature2
Since the current paper focus falls on Firth an Meaning, this part is devided into two parts, the first talks about J. R. Firth, and the second talks about meaning and other researchers works on this side of meaning in modern linguistics.
2.1 Historical background
Firth, J.R. (John Rupert); (b. 1890, d. 1960; British), professor of English at the University of the Punjab, Lahore (1920-1928), senior lecturer at University College London (1928-1938), then senior lecturer, reader and Professor of General Linguistics at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (1938-1956). An important figure in the foundation of linguistics as an autonomous discipline in Britain; known for his original ideas on phonology and the study of meaning, in addition to some other languages. J.R. Firth was a man of his time. Born in Keighley, Yorkshire, in late 19th century Britain, when it still held much of the world in imperial subjugation, his career was marked by the existence of the British Empire. He attended the local grammar school, studied for a BA and MA in history at Leeds University, and briefly taught the subject at a Leeds teacher training college. Just before the First World War, he went to India, still part of Britain’s Empire, to work for the Indian Education Service. He also undertook military service in India during the war (and in Afghanistan and Africa), returning to the imperial Education Service after the armistice as a professor of English at the University of the Punjab. There Firth began his study of the area’s languages, which were to provide linguistic data for later publications; his time in India had a lasting effect on his career. He returned to Britain, first for a year, in 1926, then permanently in 1928, to a position in *Daniel Jones’s Department of Phonetics at University College London, interspersing his UCL teaching with part-time work at the London School of Economics, what was to become the School of Oriental and African Studies, and Oxford. While at the LSE, he met *Bronislaw Malinowski, then working on language from an anthropological point of view. Some of Malinowski’s ideas were influence Firth considerably – much more than those of *Jones, who Firth regarded as theoretically barren and intellectually insular (he did, however, rate highly the work of the experimental phoneticians at...