HISTORY, CIVICS AND GEOGRAPHY (50) HISTORY AND CIVICS H.C.G. - Paper - 1 Aims: 1. To provide an understanding of the working of the Indian government necessary for the student to grow into a responsible, enlightened citizen in a Secular democracy. 2. To enrich the understanding of those aspects of Indian historical development which are crucial to the understanding of contemporary India. 3. To awaken a desirable understanding in pupils of the various streams which have contributed to the development and growth of the Indian nation and its civilisation and culture. 4. To develop a world historical perspective of the contributions made by various cultures to the total heritage of mankind.
There will be one paper of two hours duration carrying 80 marks and an Internal Assessment of 20 marks. The paper will be divided into two parts, Part I and Part II. Part I (30 marks) will contain short answer questions set from the entire syllabus. Candidates will be required to answer all questions. Part II (50 marks) will consist of Section A and Section B. Candidates will be required to answer two out of three questions from Section A and three out of five questions from Section B. The sections will correspond to the sections indicated in the syllabus. SECTION A: CIVICS An elementary study is required of this section without verbatim study of the Constitutional Articles in detail. 1. Our Constitution (a) Meaning; a brief study of the formation of the Constituent Assembly of India. Definition of Constitution. Framing of the Constitution. Formation of the Constituent Assembly in 1946. Composition of Constituent Assembly representing all major regions, sections and communities in India. Time taken to complete the Constitution. Date of adoption and enactments, date of commencement / implementation of the new Constitution. 56 (b)The Preamble. Meaning. Contents. Explain the meaning of each of the terms including the amendments i.e. Secular and Socialistic Importance and significance of a Preamble in a written Constitution. (c) Basic Features of the Constitution. Features – A written and lengthy constitution, Parliamentary / Cabinet system of government, Quasi – Federal government, Single Citizenship Universal Adult Franchise, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy, Welfare State – a brief study and knowledge of these features. (d) Fundamental Rights and Duties. Fundamental Rights: Meaning of the term, specific reasons for its inclusion in the Constitution – Important characteristic features of Rights. Classification of Rights and Writs. Check on arbitrary actions of the State. Three common restrictions on Fundamental Rights. Suspension of Rights. Deletion of the Right to property (44th Amendment) - as a Fundamental Right changed to a Legal Right. Fundamental Duties – importance, different kinds.
(e) Directive Principles of State Policy. Meaning: classification, importance. implementation,
Difference between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles. 2. Elections (a) The need for elections and kinds of elections (direct and indirect). Meaning and importance of elections; kinds of elections: Direct elections: e.g. election of M.L.A’s and M.P.’s (of Lok Sabha). Indirect election – election of public officials such as President, Vice-President and members of Rajya Sabha (to be briefly explained – no details required) by directly elected representatives. Meaning of General election, Mid-term election and By-election. (b) Constituency – demarcation and types of constituencies. Meaning of constituency – Types of constituencies. Single member and reserve constituencies. (c) Composition and functions of the Election Commission of India. The composition of the election commission and appointment of election commissioners: term of office; independence of the election commission. Powers and functions of the election commission, preparation of electoral rolls and photo identity cards, recognition of...
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