The Indian Subcontinent
The 1947 Separation Movement
Distribution of Land and its Basis
Post Separation Sub Continent
Post Separation Pakistan
Post Separation India
Tensions between India Pakistan
The three Wars
Sir Creek Conflict
The Kargil War
Effect on Asia
My Analysis on the situation
My objectives for this dissertation are
Give a background about India Pakistan Separation Movement, the situations that led to the partition of the Indian subcontinent Discuss the pre and post partition Indian Subcontinent and how land was allocated to each country and on what basis and criteria Conflicts and Tensions leading to these land disputes between India Pakistan and its effect on the South East Asian Region Possible Solutions for these problems and ways to minimize future conflicts between the two neighbouring countries
The first chapter I would like to talk about the history and background of the Indian subcontinent which would include the geographical, economic and social background of the region before partition. The chapter would also include the partition movement of 1947 which lead to the formation of India and Pakistan (including West Pakistan now Bangladesh). The basis on which this partition was done and the criteria to distribute the land amongst these two nations and the role of the British Empire in the partition of the Indian Subcontinent. Key figures in this separation movement like Gandhi, Jinnah and Mount Batten would also be discussed as they were crucial to the creation of these two countries. The second chapter would include the conflicts between India Pakistan post separations. This would include all the tensioned and strained relationships between the two countries. Issues like Sir Creek and Kargil frontier will be talked about. The further separation of West Pakistan (now Bangladesh) would also be highlighted. The biggest land issue of Kashmir between the two countries will also be discussed in detail. The changes that have been made to the official separation land between the two countries will be analysed.
Third Chapter would be about the consequences and effects of these conflicts. The political and social impacts it has had on the people of both India Pakistan and how these two nations have always had hostility. The impacts it has had on the whole of Asia and its neighbouring countries
India and Pakistan together account for one fifth of the world’s population. Pakistan and India both are located in the South Asian Region (Figure1). Both Countries gained independence in 1947 in which East and West Pakistan (Figure 2) on 14th August 1947 and India on 15th August 1947. Later in 1971 East Pakistan was disestablished and the State of Bangladesh was formed.
Figure 1: Present Map (teara.govt.nz, 2012) Figure 2: 1947 Partition map (martinfrost.ws, 2007)
Republic of India(Figure3) located in South Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan is the seventh largest country by area (3,287,263 sq. km) and the second most populous country in the world with a population of 1,220,800,359 (July 2013). India Shares border with Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China and Nepal, in which sharing the longest border with China of 3,380km. India’s capital city is New Delhi with a population of 21.72 million people
Figure 3 Ariel and ________ imagery of India (geology.com, 2010)
Islamic republic of Pakistan (Figure 4) located in the South of Asia bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north is the thirty sixth largest country in the world (796,095 sq km) and the sixth most populous country in the...