In this paper, I will examine the claims for and against God's existence and attempt one of three conclusions; that God does exist, that God does not exist, or that the entire question is irrelevant. For my sources, I will draw upon the works of William Lane Craig and Michael Tooley. For Dr. Craig, I will use his debate with Walter Sinnott Armstrong and for Dr. Tooley, I will take from his debate with Craig. For the purpose of this paper, I will keep these debates independent of each other to avoid writing a summary.
In his debate with Armstrong, Craig provides five proofs of the existence of God. They are that God explains the origin of the universe and it's "fine-tuning for intelligent life, that God makes sense of objective moral values, that God makes sense of the life, death and resurrection of Jesus, and that God can be immediately known and experienced. (Craig pg. 3-26)
The first of these five proofs, that God makes sense of the origins of the Universe, begins with an equation in relation to infinity. The conclusion is that infinite does not exist, for any conclusion left to infinity ends in contradiction, therefore, the infinite universe must in fact have had a beginning. (Craig pg. 4.) This is evidenced, according to Craig, by the Big Bang. The universe was literally nothing before it occurred, therefore it must have been caused by something of an independent nature.
Evidence from scientists suggests that the universe was once nothing before it was something, therefore it must have been caused. Once he establishes this fact, Craig lays down three points for his theory of cause. They are that whatever begins to exist has a cause, the universe began to exist, therefore the universe has a cause. (Craig pg. 5)
This brings up an important point, because it is one that comes up time and time again and I feel that Craig addresses it quite properly. Many people question that if everything must have a cause, what is God's cause? The difference is in the phrasing and that is, whatever BEGINS to exist must...