Motor vehicle accidents in Australia

Topics: Blood alcohol content, Alcohol law, Drunk driving Pages: 4 (1277 words) Published: June 3, 2014
Motor vehicle accidents are costly in terms of deaths, injuries and damage to vehicles (Accidents, Injuries and Fatalities, 2013). In 2011 the road toll came to 1292, these deaths were due to various causes. The most common causes of motor vehicle accidents are speeding (36%), drink driving (20%), and fatigue (16%). Speeding is a major cause of motor vehicle accidents and remains the biggest killer on our roads. In Australia speeding contributes in about 36% of fatal road accidents. This means on average, around 465 people die each year due to speed-related crashes in Australia (Road Deaths Australia 2011 Statistical Summary, 2011). In NSW alone, speeding is a factor in about 40% of road deaths. This means around 177 people die each year in speed-related crashes in NSW (Speeding, 2011). Speeding is a risk behaviour as it puts your health in danger. Speeding influences an individual's ability to drive safely by affecting their ability to react to unexpected road events and take evasive action if required. A driver who speeds has less time to respond to changes in their environment, experiences a reduction in car manoeuvrability, and requires a longer stopping distance than a driver who drives the speed limit. The campaigns such as Don’t Rush and No One Thinks Big of You enforce the following messages: there are consequences for speeding, speeding is socially unacceptable, driving to the road conditions and rules will reduce opportunity for a crash and that unsafe driving impacts on more than the individuals involved in the crash (Advertising Campaigns, 2011). By advertising these campaigns on television, radio, magazines and other forms of publicity such as on billboards and on buses, they create a reduction of speeding incidence in Australia. Fatigue is often ranked as a major factor in causing road. In 2008, driver fatigue accounted for at least 16 per cent of fatal crashes on NSW roads, killing 205 people. It is a unique and complex problem. Unlike speeding...
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