Motor Learning

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  • Topic: Sensory system, Sensory receptor, Visual system
  • Pages : 139 (23222 words )
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  • Published : May 1, 2012
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Chapter 1 kin 4315
1.The dynamic systems theory of motor control is able to account for the four characteristics of human movement through the process of: none of the above

2. The reflex theory of motor control cannot account for which characteristic of human movement uniqueness

3. Open-loop motor control relies on sensory feedback to guide the completion of the movement. False

4. One weakness of the reflex theory of motor control is that: it cannot explain how humans can perform unique movements

5. Degrees of freedom can be defined as:
any of a limited number of ways in which a body may move or in which a dynamic system may change

According to the reflex theory of motor control, muscle response synergies are the elementary units of behavior. False

Motor equivalence refers to the fact that particular tasks can be accomplished in a variety of ways. True The definition of coordination is: The process by which an individual constrains, or condenses, the available degrees of freedom into the smallest number necessary to achieve the goal. When performing movements that require precision, we are most likely to use a _____ loop mode of control. Closed Action systems theory is also known as: Dynamic systems theory The dynamic systems theory of motor control is able to account for the four characteristics of human movement through the process of: self-organization According to the reflex theory of motor control, GENERALIZED motor programs are the elementary units of behavior False Which theory of motor control can be summed up in the following statement? "A chain of action was thought to be triggered by some external stimulus that resulted in an observable movement response." reflex theory One theoretical problem with the motor program concept that led to the development of the generalized motor program was the motor program concept could not explain how humans produced novel movements The open-loop mode of motor control is utilized during movement of very short duration, i.e. less than 200 milliseconds. True In America , 1 dollar and 50 cents affords you what behavior? buying a candy bar Motor equivalence refers to the fact that the temporal and spatial characteristics of a movement remain relatively stable from one performance to the next. False Reflex theory can be defined as: a chain of action thought to be triggered by some external stimulus that resulted in an observable movement response. True According to your book the two most important bodies of knowledge that shaped the field of study known as motor control and learning are: psychology and neurophysiology In the hierarchical model of motor control what cognitive process is hypothesized to occur between the time of a stimulus and the initiation of a response? none of the above The concept of self-organization is associated with what movement control theory? none of the above Dynamic systems theory is also known as action system theory. True Motor equivalence refers to the fact that movements composed of different patterns of motions can be used to achieve the same environmental goal. True The four characteristics by which we can describe human movement are flexibility, modifiability, uniqueness, consistency "a set of muscle commands that are structured before a movement sequence begins, and that allow the entire sequence to be carried out uninfluenced by peripheral feedback." The above statement defines a: motor program What two scientists are most associated with the development of dynamic systems theory? Gibson and Bernstein The study of postures and movement and the mechanisms that underlie them is your book definition of: Motor control The speed-accuracy trade-off could be described as: if I increase my movement speed, I am likely to make more errors One weakness of the reflex theory of motor control is that: it cannot explain how humans can perform unique movements Control describes the process of: manipulating the behavioral unit to perform an...
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