Running head: Motivational Plan Essay
Motivational Plan Essay
The key to an organization's success is motivation. Motivation of employees is one of the most important issues facing education today. The need to instill our employees with motivation is becoming more important especially with the shift towards a more socially and culturally responsive workforce. Knowing what motivates employees, how to provide a motivational plan that includes incentives both traditional (money) and nontraditional elements, keeping our focused on the plan and giving them the tools they need to make the plan successful, and what effect will the motivational plan have on the working atmosphere of our organization are all vital topics to tae into consideration. It is clear that organizations need motivation plans that motivate, provide desired incentives, keeps our managers involved in the process and results in increased value to the organization. There has been a significant amount of time and energy put into the study of motivational theories. The basis for these studies have been to come up with some working theory that explains what motivates an individual, why, and how this motivation is reliant upon both external and internal factors of the environment in which the individual is immersed. Some significant studies are discussed within the lectures and texts of Module 6. The Hierarchy of Needs is a theory based on Abraham Maslow's needs system, which states that as certain needs are met a shift upwards in the hierarchy occurs. The lower the need on the chain the more important it is to the individual and thus needs to be satisfied before others. Next are Theory X and Theory Y (Razik, 2009). These two theories are based on a negative (Theory X) and a positive (Theory Y) belief in humans. Theory X states that people dislike work and will avoid it if possible. It also says that safety is the primary concern of the individual. Theory Y says that people believe work to be a...
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