Motivation Theories

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The nowadays work environment is in rapidly changes, competitive market and an organization’s productivity has to follow the same pace. The job of a manager in the workplace is to get things done through employees. To do this the manager should be able to motivate employees. As we all know, motivated employees are more productive, creative and are essential for any organization to survive and succeed. Knowing that, were created motivational theories, which helped us to understand and to put in practice in our days. Theories as Maslow’s hierarchy needs, Herzberg’s two-factor theory, Vroom’s theory and Maccoby’s social type theory. Back in the 50’s, Abraham Maslow was the first to put a motivational theory in a street language, or an easy way for anybody to understand how important is motivation on our lives. Maslow studied the behavior of an individual when require certain basics for life. This deprivation will drive this individual to conquer ways to stop it. Our biological needs are very strong, without them we certainly die and we cannot make them stop, however we have ways to satisfy them. Once one need is satisfied we aspire to the next one. This is an ongoing activity in order to obtain perfection through self-development. However in a workplace environment this theory is not very precise as different individuals have different needs and different goals. A manager needs to identify his employee’s needs to apply it precisely. After analyzing over 200 workers, Frederick Herzberg realized that these individuals had mainly two basic needs for a motivational accomplishment. The needs to avoid unpleasantness, or if they are satisfied by environmental factors, (knowing as hygiene factors) and the needs for personal growth. The Hygiene factors minimize dissatisfaction; in a work environment we can classify them as a company policy, salary, interpersonal relations or job security. These environmental factors will bring satisfaction but it wont last for long on the...
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