This paper aims to analyze the motivation techniques in Russia in the Soviet Era and today, where we can find great differences in society after the collapse of communism in 1991. In the first part some information is mentioned about Russia in the Soviet Era and nowadays. Thereafter we refer to the motivation techniques in both eras and how successful they are according to work ethics in each period. The results of this research are pointed out in the conclusion. General information
The U.S.S.R was founded on 1922 and lasted until 1991 and had an extent of 22,402,200sq km and population of 250million residents. The capital of U.S.S.R. was Moscow and it was consisted of Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. The form of the government was Communist Dictatorship. The Russian Federation was founded in 1992. It covers an area of 16,377,742sq km and has a population of 138,739,892 residents. The capital of the Russian Federation is Moscow and the form of the government is Federal Semi-presidential Republic. HRM policies under the strong Soviet ideology
As a state with a very strong communistic ideology under the totalitarian regime Soviet Union made people perform quite well, using instruments that could be only effective under such state. Idea of perfect communistic future was the main one. It means, that “everyone works according to his abilities and everyone gets according to his needs”. For Russian folk it primarily meant that everyone has to work hard to evaluate to a communist society. Soviet slogans of that time were: “one who doesn’t work neither shall eat”, “labour made a Man out of monkey”, “labour graces a person”. It made people believe in necessity of working long hours, no matter what they gain for it. Against this background it was very prestigious to be the best worker. People who made from 3 to 5 times more job that normal were widely known and honored, but hardly supported with any material bonuses. It was common to make lists of the best workers of the week/month and present them on meetings or publish in newspapers. The most influential policy to involve people in work was obligatory employment of every person – unemployment was under the law and leads to imprisonment. That’s why the unemployment rate was almost zero. Compensation system was based on intensive payments, when all bonuses were divided across the organization in equal amounts. Workers received their money regardless of individual performance; people accepted their earnings as their due, but not as a reward for good performance. Does not work in a market economy. Historically, Russians are used to being provided with good lunches by their company as well as free holiday trips. Medicine also was absolutely free and of pretty good quality. Personal initiatives were not only discouraged, but were even punished. Planned economics need most of the people not to think, but just to work hard Work Ethics In Soviet Union as a response on HRM practices
For Russians, under the Soviet system, the government found a job for every graduate, so they didn’t worry about being hired. Because of high moral standards and total brainwashing most of Russians used to work well even in spite of bad pecuniary motivation. More specifically they did their best with no willing to get more money but just for fulfilling the idea of communism. On the other hand, the idea for some people was to get away with as little work as possible, as there were no pay raises as well as there was no real threat of getting fired either. As a result, working hard just led to more work. Furthermore, for many women in the Soviet Union, the workplace was a place to gossip, sell each other clothes and exchange tips on where to get consumer goods. People in Soviet Union used to say that “If they pretend they are paying us, we would pretend we are working”...
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