Motivation Concepts Table and Analysis

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Motivation Concepts Table and Analysis

By | August 2012
Page 1 of 3
Motivation Concepts Table and Analysis
PSY 320

Motivation Concepts Table and Analysis
Motivation Concepts Table

Theory Name| Major Theorist(s)| Time Period Created| Key Theory Concepts| Will:| Descartes| 1637| Will motivates all actions.Will is an initiated and directed action.| | Ruckmick| 1963| Striving to create impulses to act.The ability to resist self-denial or temptation. | | Rand| 1964| Helps to decide whether or not to act.|

Instinct| Darwin| 1859-1872| A behavior is unlearned, automated and mechanistic. Biological urges impulses and appetites. | Freud’s Drive Theory| Freud| 1915| All behavior is motivated to serve the fulfillment of need.| Hull’s Drive Theory| Hull| 1943 and 1952| Drive is a physiological basis and bodily need is the ultimate basis of motivation. Drive can be predicted before it occurs.| Decline of Drive Theory| Sheffield & Roby| 1950| Learning can occur when there is no equivalent experience of drive decline.| | Harlow| 1953| Learning occurs when there is a drive reductions and well as an increase in drive.| | Klien| 1954| Motivation can result from something other than bodily disturbances.| | Bolles| 1972| A decrease in drive is not necessary for learning to occur.| Theory Name| Major Theorist(s)| Time Period Created| Key Theory Concepts| Post-Drive Theory Years| Bolles| 1975| Had the dominant perspective on motivation.| | Berlyne| 1967| Optimal level of arousal|

| Hebb| 1955| |
| Olds| 1969| Pleasure centers in the brain|
| Miller| 1948| Approach and avoidance conflicts, conditioned motives| | Murray| 1938| Universal Needs|
| Rogers| 1959| Self-actualization|
Dynamics of ActionAchievement motivation Theory| Atkinson| 1964| Some of the mini-theories that works to understand or investigate one area, such as motivational phenomenon, particular circumstance, groups of people and theoretical question. | Cognitive...