Motivation and Performance

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Motivation and Performance
It’s a clear fact that motivation influences the individual performance directly. Therefore the motivator should understand the requirements of the employees in order to satisfy them. Each employee will not be motivated in the same manner as to another, but they would be motivated by approaching in a different method. Therefore the motivator should analyze and identify the best way to motivate each employee in order to get the best performance out of them.

There are various methods of motivating employees like financially and non-financially. Some might prefer to get financial benefits and some would prefer to get non financial benefits in order to be motivated. This would completely rely on the needs of the employee. When looking at the theories of motivating employees, there are two main categories. Those are, ‘Content theories’ and ‘Process theories’. However when looking at the case study, it’s more approached by ‘Content theory’. Therefore it’s much better to look deeply into the content theories and the influence of that on the company which is mentioned in the case study. According to the given description the main challenge for the company is to train employees in a short period of time. It’s clear that there are several events taking place in the external environment such as increase in the population, increase in the disposable income, demand for grain and the decrease in tillable land which cannot be controlled by the company.

However the company has planned to start an agricultural project worldwide to produce more grain in a very limited area (land). Mainly the employee teams should understand the situation of the world, the need of their service and the importance of grain (food) for the future.

As there are cross functional teams, the team consist number of employees with various talents’ and expertise. The team will also have employees from deferent levels. Therefore the leader of the team has to identify the level of the employee and the requirement of the employee in order to use the appropriate mechanism to motivate the employee.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory
Maslow states that there are five main steps of human needs which are attempted to fulfill each, one after another.

Diagram I (Maslow’s Hierarchy)

According to Maslow’s hierarchy, majority of the people are trying to fulfill their physiological needs which indirectly says that the majority of the people are still at the bottom level or rather, they are categories under the group of so called ‘poor’ and a fewer proportion is categorized for self actualization needs which means that they have fulfilled all the other needs or rather, a major portion of hierarchy of needs and finally they need the acceptance or the goodwill from the society which they live in. But there are instances where the Maslow’s hierarchy will not be accurate.

Maslow’s hierarchy indicates that people initially try to fulfill their physiological needs such as hunger, thirst and then they look for safety needs such as education and jobs. Once they fulfill the safety needs they look for social needs. But when considering the real situation of the world it can be seen that it is not accurate each time. There are situations where Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is correct and in some issues it’s not.

When considering a school, there are students who are totally depending on their parents. Parents give them food (physiological), education, shelter (Safety) and all other facilities. Therefore it can be said that they are climbing up in the Maslow’s hierarchy. But almost all the children have friends while they are schooling. Also there are many instances where school children fall in to love-affairs while they study. Although Maslow’s hierarchy says that people try to fulfill safety needs before they seek for social needs, in reality it’s not accurate and there are incidences where people attempt to fulfill social needs...
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