Motivation and Concepts Table and Analysis

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Motivation and Concepts Table and Analysis
Motivation and Concepts Table and Analysis
John H. Rehmert
University of Phoenix

Motivation and Concepts Table and Analysis
Motivation Concepts Table

Theory Name
Major Theorist(s)Time Period Created
Key Theory Concepts
(Grand Theory)René DescartesPost-Renaissance eraIf one could understand the will, then he could understand motivation. Instinct
(Grand Theory)William James
William McDougall1890
1930Inherited physical and mental instincts produce predictable behavior given the appropriate stimulus. Drive
(Grand Theory)Robert Woodworth
Sigmund Freud
Clark Hull1918
1943Motivation comes directly from bodily deficits causing behaviors with the aim of reversing the deficit. AchievementJohn Atkinson1964Motivation toward a particular behavior is influenced by one’s urge to achieve and the probability of success. AttributionalBernard Weiner1972Motivation via the attribution of causes to events – whether regarding the behavior of others or themselves. Cognitive dissonanceLeon Festinger1957Contradicting cognitions drive the creation of new or modification of existing thoughts/beliefs, which drive motivation. EffectanceRobert White

Susan Harter1959
1978Motivation is driven by the inherent pleasures derived from the exploration, curiosity, mastery, and attempts to deal competently with one's environment. Expectancy x valueVictor Vroom1964Motivation by the expected results of a behavior, such as an increase in salary or benefits for better job performance IntrinsicEdward Deci1957Human motivation and the behaviors produced are to satisfy needs toward self-determined outcomes. Goal-settingEdwin Locke1968Motivation and subsequent actions are influenced by conscious performance goals in an organizational or work-related environment. Learned HelplessnessMartin Seligman1975Motivation is influenced by a perceived or imposed level of futility in their efforts. Reactance...
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