Motivation and Competency

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Title:“The Level of Motivation and the Teaching Competency of High School Teachers in Laguna College of Business and Arts, A.Y. 2012-2013.

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Profession is a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive preparation including instruction in skills and methods as well as in the scientific, historical or scholarly principles underlying such skills and methods. A person who has a profession can be called a professional. It has different types of field. It can be in the field of medicine or in other. One of these professions is teaching. It requires a lot of commitment, passion, knowledge, interest and skills. The process of teaching learning transaction depends on the efficiency of a teacher, who is in turn able to manifest potentialities of a child. High competency is a must in this profession because it can affect the future generations. In other country, teachers are valued by the government by giving them a high salary like in Thailand and Malaysia. In the Philippines, teachers are given a non-increasing salary. This salary can raise or lower one’s motivation. Motivation is the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal and elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal directed behaviors. It can be considered a driving force; a psychological drive that compels or reinforces an action toward a desired goal. Motivation has two types; the intrinsic and the extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation refers to motivation that is driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself, and exists within the individual rather than relying on any external pressure. On the other hand, extrinsic motivation refers to the performance of an activity in order to attain an outcome, whether or not that activity is also intrinsically motivated. Extrinsic motivation comes from outside of the individual. Common extrinsic motivations are rewards for showing the desired behavior, and the threat of punishment when misbehaving. Competition is in an extrinsic motivator because it encourages the performer to win and beat others, not simply to enjoy the intrinsic rewards of the activity. So, teachers must also be motivated to be able to perform well.

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

Freudian concept of motivation tells that the totality of man’s striving (motivation) is viewed by Freud as involving attempt to show constructive responses (life instinct) or destructive responses (death instinct). Once a person is motivated, people desire to achieve the best out of life. People want to be competent as they are motivated. According to Bandura’s (1982) self-efficacy theory, efficacy is the major determinant of effort, persistence, and goal setting. Empirical research supports this notion, suggesting that individuals with higher self-efficacy tend to be more motivated and successful on a given task (Pintrich&DeGroot, 1990).

Herzberg's “motivational hygiene” theory is according to which demotivators (or "hygiene factors") have to be reduced as well as motivators (or incentives) increased, to develop positive motivation (Herzberg 1966). Herzberg argued that pay is at best a hygiene factor; poor pay reduces motivation, but good pay does not of itself create enthusiasm. Herzberg’s theory concludes that certain factors in the workplace result in job satisfaction, but if absent, they don't lead to dissatisfaction but no satisfaction. The factors that motivate people can change over their lifetime, but "respect for me as a person" is one of the top motivating factors at any stage of life. He distinguished between motivators which give positive satisfaction, and hygiene factors that do not motivate if present, but, if absent, result in demotivation.

The hierarchy of needs of Abraham Maslow which consists of five hierarchic classes shows the complexity of human requirements. According to him, people are motivated by unsatisfied needs. The lower level needs such as...
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