Motivation is known as the powerful force that causes the change from desire to willpower in life. Hunger is one example of motivation which creates the desire to eat. Motivation can also be defined as the procedure that starts guides and continues goal oriented actions. Motivation is generally used to explain the reason for a person’s actions. Another example of motivation is when a student is really motivated to get into medical school, so he/she studies every night for it. There are many theories of motivation proposed by various psychologists. Instinct theory, drive theory, and humanistic theory are some of the examples of motivation theories Motivational studies are very important especially for managers in big companies. These studies deliver insights into the way employees perform at work and this gives the employer or the manager the techniques required to increase worker productivity.
During the summer of year 2012 I worked at a construction site in Colombo Sri Lanka. I was undergoing training for a field supervisor job. We were building a twelve story office complex building in Colombo. The construction company I worked for was called Sierra Construction Company which is one of the leading construction contractors in Sri Lanka. During the time I was working for them, they were working on three different projects. As I remember, the total number of employees working this company was around 300 employees. There were around fifty laborers, ten supervisors, one site engineer, one project manager, one safety guy who was not an actual qualified safety engineer. We worked six days a week. Every Saturday was a half day and Sunday was a holiday. There were several motivational issues at my workplace. One of the issues we had was that the field supervisors and laborers were not happy with their weekly income. Every one of the employees worked a minimum of eight hours from Monday to Friday and then a minimum of five hours on Friday. Most of the days they will work overtime which totaled the hours per day to around ten to eleven hours a day. The employees were also not happy with the work environment. Every day we get different types of material on the site. The workplace was always poorly organized. There were equipment and material all over the workplace which was not organized properly. Therefore the laborers had a very hard time getting what they needed. Our company provided very few benefits to the employees. This was another motivational issue. The other issue I saw at my workplace was that the project manager was giving too much work to the laborers and he expected the work to be completed very fast which was a headache to the laborers. There was too much pressure on the laborers and the supervisors due to this issue. Another motivational issue I saw at my workplace is that the project manager took too long to order the materials need for some jobs. Due to this delay, I have seen some of the employees had to sit around wasting time waiting for the materials to come. We received way too many change orders from the architect and the structural engineer. I remember, we had to take two pile caps because the architect decided to change the design. I know the laborers were paid for their extra time, but destroying what they already built and rebuilding it at another location was a really a headache not only to the laborers but also to the supervisors and the project manager. I think these are very powerful motivational issues we had at our workplace. Because of these issues I personally saw a lot of employees get demotivated. This is really bad for the company. Because of this, the quality of work is going to go down considerably.
Application of the Maslow’s Hierarchy theory
This theory really suits the issues we have at my workplace. This theory is associated with the hierarchy of needs. Each individual first accomplish a single need and then move on to reach higher order needs. Frist,...
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