Motivation

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Motivation
Every Individual has specific goal to achieve. These goals are only achievable if the individual is enthusiastic about the goal. One of the most key factors that lead one to their goals is the drive. This drive is also known as Motivation, a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need to do an aimed task or it can be said as the reason for doing something. Though motivation is essential in our life it cannot be purchased like we purchase other necessities. But luckily, motivation can be cultivated. All we need to do is make up our mind to change, push our fears aside and reach out for our goals. Motivation can be very interesting if you look deep into it. If you reward something, you can get more of the behavior you want. But if you punish something, you get the less of the behavior you want.

Motivation is involved in our daily life mentally and physically and it is beyond our level of control. Whether it is about reading a book to attain knowledge or going to get a glass of water when you feel thirsty, it is motivation which causes one to act. So this proves that “we are familiar with the experience of being urge or driven to behave in certain ways, and of desiring to act in a particular manner in order to achieve certain and ends or objectives” (Vernon 1969, p1).

As in the book “Intrinsic Motivation”, 1975, written by Deci, there are mainly three types of motivation; they are Extrinsic Motivation, Intrinsic Outcome Motivation, and Intrinsic Process Motivation. In Extrinsic Motivation Individuals are engaged in neutral or distasteful tasks because they expect some form of extrinsic reward as a result of the performance of this activity. In Intrinsic Outcome Motivation Individuals performance, or achieving some desired outcome, which will result in some form of intrinsic satisfaction. Individuals performing these types of activities because they believe these activities will eventually benefit others are motivated by goal internalization. Finally in Intrinsic Process Motivation individuals are engaged in regardless of the outcome or expected results.

According to my general knowledge after doing a few researches through internet and books I strongly believe that there are 4 kinds of motivation. They are Extrinsic Positive, Intrinsic Positive, Extrinsic negative and Intrinsic Negative. In Extrinsic Positive, you are motivated to do something because someone wants you to do it. For an example “write this essay perfectly and you will get higher marks than others”. But in Extrinsic Negative, you are motivated away from something because someone forcing you to do something. For an example “write this essay or you lose 10 marks”. In Intrinsic Positive you are motivated to towards a goal because you want to do it. For an Example “I really want to write this Essay because I have a chance to score better than my backstabbers”. But in Intrinsic Negative you are motivated away from something because you don’t want to do it. For an Example “I do not want to be with people who backstab me”.

There are seven aspect of behavior express both the presence of motivation. They are effort, latency, persistence, choice, probability of response, facial expressions, and bodily gestures. Effort is the extent of exertion put forth while trying to accomplish a task. Latency is the time a person delays a response following an initial exposure to a stimulus event. Persistence is the time between the initiations of a response until its cessation. Choice, or preference for one course of action over another, presents the individual with two or more options in which she selects one particular course of action. Probability of response refers to the number of occasions a goal-directed response occurs per number of opportunities the response had an opportunity to occur. Facial expressions are defined as “facial muscle movements communicating the specific content of feelings and emotions” (Ekman & Friesen,...
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