Morality in Transformational Leadership Style

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Morality in Transformational Leadership Style

I. Leadership

This article aims to discuss the weakness of transformational leadership style. As we know there are two kinds of leadership styles namely the transformational and transactional leadership. Leadership occupies a strategic position and is absolutely necessary in an organization, where relationships happen between two people or more in achieving organizational goals. So that the position of a leader in the organization has a very important role in order to influence others to achieve its intended purpose (Burns, 1978). Robbins & Judge (2006) defines leadership as the ability to influence a group towards the achievement of objectives. This is a process of directing and influencing activities associated with the work of members of the group. Leadership is also a process of social influence run by a person intentionally to structure activities and relationships in an organization. Leadership is an interaction between members of a group, which is a leader as a change agent and as someone who will better influence the behavior of others that affect them. Leadership is also a dynamic process in which leaders and followers interact with each other. From the several opinions about what leadership can be explained that there are dominant in this sense, namely that the leader affects the subordinate, the leader was able to convince them that the subordinate personal interests to be part of the vision that the leader, and able to ensure also that they contribute to same - similar implement. Influence runs by the leaders include aspects, ideas or thoughts, feelings, attitudes and behavior. Thus the success of a leader is to what extent he succeeded in influencing the thoughts, feelings, attitudes and behaviors desired to lead leaders. This raises the need for new leadership style, activities and skills to deal with environmental changes that took place quickly. Effective leadership is the leadership that succeeded in carrying out its role as a leader, where success can be measured from various aspects such as increased production, increased labor productivity, improved service and increased job satisfaction. So the success of leadership is the result of cooperation or performance-led group. Many research results show that intelligence, initiative and self-esteem related to managerial levels and high performance, and the ability of the manager supervisory, the skills in using an adequate method for supervisory certain situations it can be said as an effective leader. But effective leadership is not dependent on specific properties, but rather on how closely they match the properties of the leader with the needs of the situation. The study of leadership has been carried out by experts such as leadership theory based on the Trait Leadership Theory and Behavioral Leadership Theory (Miner, 2007). One of the situational factors that will increasingly affect the effectiveness of leadership in the coming decades is the relationship between leader and follower. The essence of these relations is the interaction between different personal motivations and the potential power, including skills, in order to achieve common goals. Therefore, the effectiveness of various leaders in the face of today's activity is determined by the quality of the relationship between the leaders with followers. The relationship should not only working relationships where formal employers to act as leaders for followers in the organization, but these relationships should be intertwined with the wider leader or supervisor which can act as a partner for the followers in the face of various obstacles and motivate subordinates to continue to excel in work. So that the leaders of today must be flexible, be open to the needs of its members, willing to communicate and able to articulate the interests of the members / followers (Bolman & Deal, 1997). This interaction includes two forms of transactional...
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