Morality by definition is the conformity to the rules of right conduct; moral or virtuous conduct. It differs in every society, what I consider to be a moral conduct; others may think is amoral. Moral rules can be a set of socially approved habits. Every society has a sense of morality and their set of rules to be followed and considered moral. People’s morals are different because cultures are all something that have evolved throughout time; changing with each generation. As human beings we are always looking to achieve perfection for something even better than what we have. It is a human to always want more than what we have and in order to achieve our goals we have to work hard. We go through life judging the actions of others and how they achieve their goals. The values every society uses to get what they have. We are always on the spot and seen by everyone; as well as how we see others from different cultures and even our own. We judge their values over our own set of moral values to act; and then pass judgment on whether or not it is right how they are acting or no. Morality is all about right and wrong, from each person’s perspective. We are born and raised with a set of values that go along with our culture beliefs. Our parents or people that raise us teach those values and then we pass them out to our following generations. Morality is a chain that we pass over and over. We as human beings can distinguish if something is an act
of kindness or an act of cruelty; but cannot distinguish whether is right or wrong because of the culture boundary. A society’s views and their values are exclusively unique and part of their culture; it is like a code in which only they can distinguish what is morally right or wrong. The moral views of two or more societies can be totally contradictory to each other and still be an acceptable action within their own respective society. For example: the controversial topic of gay marriage. Some people might see that it is morally wrong to have same sex marriages and do not agree with the idea. But other cultures see the issue morally right and that there is nothing wrong with that. It depends on society’s culture to know whether something is moral or not. Neither society is wrong nor right, they just follow different cultural values and principles. This explains my theory that we are all unique in our own societies; and we are all evolving morally with our different cultures. There are many theories and theorists who may contradict or agree with my point of view about morality. And that is why I want to discuss about Aristotle, Gould, and Nietzsche point of view.
Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher who applied a descriptive approach to his examination of moral philosophy. In his work he described the conditions under which moral responsibility may be applied to individual agents. The central question of his philosophy was the question of personality. “What does it take for an individual human being to be considered a good person?” Aristotle argued that since there is not an infinite correct answer over the good or bad; there should be a highest good at which all people aim to get.
Aristotle’s basis of morality focuses on what the people fundamentally desire. It is true that to achieve happiness or something desired, people need to work for it to get it. The question is what is good and what is wrong to attain this happiness? The whole basis of moral living to Aristotle is to find happiness to feed the soul and human body. In order to find happiness and live a happy life, Aristotle states that one should live a virtuous life, choosing between right and wrong. Aristotle says that often we choose god activities to do because they are pleasant and soul feeding. He discusses some of the philosophical wisdom; which is the pursuit of ultimate truth and practical wisdom; which is what takes us to take the intelligent decision. With these laws of he states that all...