1. Right to Live:
The first and main right of man is his right to live. The object of a moral life is improvement of the self and life is a necessary condition to effecting this improvement. The right to life is a fundamental right it is a sacred right. The right to life also included the right to work without money earning the necessities of life cannot be obtained. The life of a person without occupation becomes difficult. To the right of life is conjoined the duty of respect of life If everyone has the right to live, it is then his duty to help others in a similar endeavor or at least avoid becoming an obstacle to it The infringement of this duty can lead to the right of life being taken away. It is this reason that homicide is rewarded with a sentence of death. Thus man should augment his own life and the lives of others. But it is to be recollected that this fundamental right of human beings was not recognized always. In ancient times infanticide was a common feature and widows were sometimes cremated alive. In some country people of a different sect were murdered while at places prisoners of war were got rid of most expeditiously. The history of the human race is replete with tales of mass murder of defenseless people. Even today millions of people are executed openly under the pretext of revolution or war. This is completely immoral. In the civilized society every person should have the right to live with distinctions of creed, color, race, physique etc. 2. Right to Freedom:
The right to freedom, succeeding the right to live is also very important. All moral activities are based on man’s free volition. It is impossible to conceive of morality or moral work without freedom. Man’s freedom of will is one of the fundamental assumptions or postulates of ethics. For the attainment of the ultimate end, self improvement, the right to freedom is essential. Any person cannot be reduced to being the means of another’s benefit. Every...
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