Long and Short Term Causes of Moon Landing
Establish Lunar Base - Wernher von Braun idea
Moon exploration program started during Eienhower era
Soviet success with Yuri Gagarin being put into space caused Kennedy to search for program to catch Americas imagination iv.
Kennedy asked his vice president Lyndon Johnson to come up with such a plan. v.
As Johnson was from Texas he proposed space idea because NASA base in Houston and would provide economically for them. vi.
Kennedy said during 1960 election there was disparity in missiles between US and USSR from previous administration (opposite true). vii.
This declaration made Kennedy beat Nixon in election
He ensured continuing funding, shielding space spending from the 1963 tax cut and diverting money from other NASA projects. ix.
Apollo program allowed dual-use technology between military and space x.
"Everything we do ought to really be tied in to getting on to the moon ahead of the Russians [...] otherwise we shouldn't be spending that kind of money, because I'm not interested in space [...] The only justification for [the cost] is because we hope to beat [the USSR] to demonstrate that instead of being behind by a couple of years, by God, we passed them." quote Kennedy had with head of NASA James E. Webb xi.
NASA said possible breakthroughs in medicine and interesting picture of Earth would result. xii.
Scientific discoveries and fear of Societ space domination allowed program to succeed. xiii.
USSR got first artificial satellite into space October 1957. Sputnik 1 xiv.
Russian Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin became the first man in space, as part of the Vostok program. xv.
Three part space craft
Command Module for sleeping and flight control
Service Module for propulsion and spacecraft support systems xix.
Lunar Module to take two of the crew to the lunar surface, support them on the Moon, and return them to the CSM in lunar orbit. xx.
Saturn 5 rockets for...
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