Moon Landing

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In the Moon Landing exercise I am a member of a lunar exploration crew originally scheduled to rendezvous with a mother ship on the lighted surface of the moon. Due to mechanical difficulties however, our ship was forced to land at a spot 200 miles from the rendezvous point. During the re-entry and landing, much of the equipment aboard was damaged, and, since survival depends on reaching the mother ship, the most critical items available must be chosen for the 200 mile trip. Our group was able to salvage 15 items left intact and undamaged after landing. I need to rank these items according to their importance in aiding you to reach the mother ship, starting with "1" the more important, to "15", the least important. Step-1: As per instruction each member of our team individually ranked each item without discussing with each other until each member has finished the individual ranking and recorded under “Your Individual Ranking” column. Steap-2: Under this process we have discussed our individual choices and ranked each item based on our collective thoughts and captured the group ranking under “Your Team Ranking”. Step-3: As part of this process wrote down the correct ranks of each item, compiled by experts under column “Expert Rankings”. Staep-4: Compare all our individual and group ranking with correct ranking, determined the score. For each item, we marked the number of points that our score differs from expert ranking and then add up all the points. Difference between individual ranking and correct ranking gives the Individual Error Score, whereas difference between group ranking and correct ranking reveals Team Error Score. For our team calculated error scores are as follows:

TOTAL ERROR SCORES|
1. Team Error score = 32| A. Team Functioning (3-1) = 31| 2. Average Individual Error Score = 48| B. Team Synergy (2-1) = 16 | 3. Highest Individual Error score = 63| C. Team Improvement (4-1) =2| 4. Lowest Individual Error Score = 34| |

Preference of team over individual:
In this situation we can say that working in a team is preferred option than individual since a) Complexity of work is more and need for different perspective to carry out the work in better way- In this case our Team error score was 32 which is lower than the Lowest Individual Error Score, 34. b) Work creates a common purpose or set of goal for the people in the group that is more than the aggregate of individual goal – Here the common goal of each team member is to reach mother ship. c) Members of the group are interdependent- Here there is interdependence between each member’s tasks and success of whole team depends on success of each team member. Team Effectiveness Model:

Considering “team structure” and “teamwork is preferable option over individual work”, Team Effectiveness is evaluated based on the model, which consists of three components: Input (Team Potential), Process and Outcome. Input: The input factors reflect the team’s potential for productivity. However, the potential factor does not equal to Actual Group Effectiveness. Instead effectiveness is dependent on the team interaction. Process Loss

Actual Group Effectiveness
Team Potential
Process Gain

=
-
+

1) Input (Team Potential)
a) Individual Level factor:
Freedom and Autonomy - Ability to work independently
Skill Variety - Ability to use different skills and talent
Task Identity - Ability to complete a whole and identifiable task or product Task Significance - Working on a task or project that has substantial impact on others Ability of Members – To perform effectively a Team needs technical expertise, problem-solving, decision-making Personality of Members - Conscientiousness, Openness to Experience, and agreeableness all relate to team performance. For Team performance, variance in personality characteristics have greater role than mean. Member Flexibility – For effective operation team should consist of flexible...
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