Wages and salaries are provided to the employees for their service or contribution to the job and organizations. Organizations also pay dearness allowance to take care of the decline in purchasing power of the employee due to rise in cost of living. Similarly, a number of other allowances are provided to the employee. Further organizations also provide various fringe benefits to enhance the living standards of the employees. Despite all these allowances and benefits, employees feel that their wages are low, allowances are inadequate and fringe benefits are insufficient. They feel that the employers enjoy the increased profit and that they are being exploited by the employer. Consequently they agitate for hike in wages, allowances and benefits so as to improve their living standards. But a few employees in most of the organizations realize that all their demands cannot be met by their organization alone. Hence, they depend either on some other organizations for part-time job, part-time business or take up a business or start an industrial unit in order to earn more money and become much stronger financially. This type of activity i.e. taking up another part-time job or business or industrial unit simultaneously with that of the original job is known as Moon Lighting by Employees (double jobbing). 1.2 Meaning:
Outside employment is generally defined as
1) Employment or consulting in an outside work or activity, 2) Receipt from an outside source of a regular retainer fee or salary, or 3) Regular or periodic involvement with a business or company in which the employee has a principal interest or a non-profit organization in which the faculty is an officer, board member, etc. 1.3 Why employees moonlight:
* Employees are trying to make up what was lost in pay freezes, furloughs or decreased hours. * Technology makes a second job easier, especially with smart phones and virtual access.
1.4 Employer concerns about moonlighting:
* Moonlighting may give employees the opportunity to divulge trade secrets. * Employees may become distracted or unproductive from core job responsibilities. * Employees may use company resources for second job.
* Employee may come to work tired and ultimately sleep on the job. * Second job can detract from job responsibilities, focus and can affect employee’s health. * Does second job affect current job responsibilities?
1.5 Types of Moon Lighting
1. Blue Moon
Employees in future will demand the management for hike in wages and benefits. The management will also respond positively to the employees demand. Some employees will be satisfied with the increased in wages and benefits and adjust their expenses with the level of wages and benefits from time to time willingly. Some employees will not be satisfied with the level of wages and benefits and will not go for second job in future because of their in ability in getting a second job. Such type of employees will have a conflict with the organizational wage level as this category of employees need a second job for additional income and it will not be available to them. Thus, their efforts to earn additional income through second job will not bear any fruit. Such type of efforts and the consequent result may be called Blue Moon Lighting by employees. 2. Full Moon Lighting
Employees in some professions/ occupations find relatively free time whereas employees in some organizations generally feel that their income from the job is almost negligible, compared to their expectations. Some employees (deserve their) have friends or relatives earning huge money more than their salary. Similarly, some employees view that their friends or relatives with lower educational qualifications and abilities enjoy better social status due to their ownership of and earning from business or industry. Employees who realize that their jobs are almost negligible from the point of view of social status, venture to start a...