MONUMENT HOMEWORK: CHINA/XIAN TOMB
NAME OF THE MONUMENT: The Terracotta Army.
TYPE OF MONUMENT: Tomb. It holds the remains or statues of the terracotta warriors from the first Chinese emperor.
LOCATION: Xian China
DATE OF CONSTRUCTION, and/or CONSECRATION: Construction is believed to have started between 259-210 BC and was completed 37 years later. However, the monument was discovered in spring 1974. The time span in which the monument was built was during China’s first emperor and it was a depiction of the Qin Shi Huang Army. During this time was also the erection of the iron industry in China.
BACKGROUND ON ARCHITECT and CULTURE: The emperor buried in the tomb is Qin Shi Huang (the first emperor of China). China in those days was ruled by emperors who were royal families. They were military dictators who were always looking for places to take over and were always in battle with their enemies who were looking to over throw them and end their dynasty. The Chinese in those days believed in Taoism and Confucianism. Taoism can be defined as a philosophy or religion but is mainly a system of believes, practice, and attitude set towards the service and living to a person’s own nature. Confucianism is set of ethical believes which is sometimes called a religion.
PATRON AND PATRON’S AGENDA: The emperor behind the monument was Qin Shi Huang De. He built this army supposedly to protect him and his dynasty in the afterlife.
FUNDING: There isn’t any figure listed for the construction of the monument but it’s believed to have been paid for by the emperor himself (Qin Shi Huang De).
INNOVATIONS, CONSTRUCTION-PRINCIPLES: The tomb supposedly looks like huge trenches. The content of the tombs are believed to be human like soldiers made out of terracotta clay and bronze and represents the Terracotta warriors from the Qin Shi Huang De dynasty. There are four warrior pits. The warriors are ranged from 1.83-1.95 meters in height and are arranged...
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