The Mongols were a nomadic people until 1206, when they acknowledged Temujin as the supreme leader, Genghis Khan. A huge empire was created under his rule, linking Eastern and Western Eurasia. An analysis of these documents will discuss the topic of how the Mongols expanded their empire so far in such a short time through their power of violence. This analysis will also show the admiration and respect of the Mongols by others in surrounding regions. Ultimately, this analysis will discuss how the fear from other people gave the Mongols their biggest advantage in conquering other regions to expand their enormous empire.
The Mongols used violence to destroy those who had rebelled against them. A story passed down orally for years read, “Genghis Khan, commanding the great Middle Army, attacked as well, forcing the Cathayan army to retreat, killing the finest and most courageous soldiers of Cathay… slaughtering them along the side of Chuyung Kuan so that their bodies lay piled up like rotten logs.”. This story is not a reliable source due to the fact it has been passed down orally, but it still gives us a sense of what the Mongols were capable of. An anonymous eyewitness account says “He sent soldiers out against those of the Tanqut people who had rebelled against him… The whole tribe was completely wiped out.”, confirming the Mongols ruthless killing tactics. The speaker was an eyewitness, making it a reliable source. The Mongols used violence to not only wipe out populations, but to gain control of and conquer new regions. They strategically fabricated armies of non-Mongols to expand their military, and therefore conquer more regions.
Eyewitnesses to the Mongols military wrote of admiration and awe of how precise they were. A picture of a Mongol horse-mounted bowman demonstrates how skilled these soldiers were in their combat. We can assume the artist admires the Mongols method of fighting by their interpretation of a skilled archer turning a full...
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