In the 13th and 14th century in the Eurasia region, a group known as the Mongols where conquering
many lands, and with that came great economic and political shifts. However, with these changes came
new diseases, death, and total devastation of land, especially fields. This destructive path followed with
the Mongols everywhere they traveled. Russia suffered the worst, having large scale slaughtering and
economic trouble, whilst China somewhat benefited from Mongolian rule, for example, reuniting the
broken states in China to becoming one mass.
While there were different effects in each region, both seemed to suffer the same problem,
economic downfall. This was due to heavy taxes on the people. Destruction of much land was also
suffered in each region. In order to successfully conquer each empire, the Mongols would carry out
many raids and wreak havoc on villages and animals. A major contributor to this chaos was the herds
that the Mongols traveled with. These animals would devour the fields they stood on and cause
erosion and agricultural problems, along with destroying the crops. To add to the apocalyptic scene,
the Mongols brought with them one of the most devastating diseases in history, the bubonic plague.
This disease affected China and Russia greatly, killing off a vast third of the entire population. However,
trade was much increased in China, though Russia did not have much trade due to isolation. These
two regions had different Khanates to rule them. Russia had more local leaders whilst China had more
Mongol leaders who made many changes and didn’t only just tax the people to death.
Russia was ruled under “The Golden Horde” suffering from Mongol occupation. Being cut off from
Western Europe they forced into isolation, culturally and economically. With trade routes cut off from
other countries nothing would prosper or would advance. The Mongols had Russia...